Complete Locations List

Location Terms

Namesort descending Term description

Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia... Prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation (pronounced "Garner" or "Gowna")...South Australia was officially proclaimed as a new British colony on 28 December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North. The event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the colony's capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston...Adelaide was established as a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Source: Wikipedia


Alberton is a small town in Victoria, Australia. It is located along the South Gippsland Highway, 6 kilometres south of Yarram and 216 kilometres east of Melbourne. Albert River passes through the town... The township was surveyed in 1842 and named after Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria. Initially the township consisted of two settlements, one named Alberton and the other named Victoria, which were separated by Victoria Street (renamed Brewery Road in 1847). Alberton Post Office opened on 10 January 1856. An earlier Alberton office opened in 1842 was renamed Port Albert some days earlier. The town's population grew steadily. Stores, hotels, and churches were built, as well as the Police Magistrate and Court of Petty Sessions. By the 1880s the town's growth stagnated. The announcement of new railway line increased growth, with new houses and factories being built. Shire Offices were planned for the town, but in 1897 the location was changed to nearby Yarram. This led to many businesses moving to Yarram, and by 1921 the railway had been extended there. Source: Wikipedia


Allansford is a town in the Western District of Victoria, Australia. It is in the City of Warrnambool local government area. The Hopkins River flows through the town. The Post Office opened on 1 January 1860. The railway though the town was opened in 1890, and the town was once served by a local railway station. Source: Wikipedia

Allyn River

Description of Allyn River in New South Wales to be entered here.

Antill Ponds

Antill Ponds is a region in the midlands of Tasmania, "So named by Governor Macquarie in memory of Major Antill, of the 48th Regiment. (G. Wk. Rex). Source: "TASMANIAN NOMENCLATURE." The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 16 Sep 1911: 10. Web. 2 Jan 2014; The town was, for a time, home to a hotel called Halfway House, "because of its equi-distance between Hobart and Launceston". Source: "ANCIENT INN ON MAIN ROAD DELICENSED." The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 31 Dec 1932: 12. Web. 2 Jan 2014;


Armidale is a city in the Northern Tablelands, New South Wales, Australia. Armidale Dumaresq Shire had a population of 24,473 people according to the 2011 census. It is the administrative centre for the Northern Tablelands region. It is located approximately half way between Sydney and Brisbane at the junction of the New England Highway, national route 15, and Waterfall Way... Before the British colonial settlement of New South Wales, the Indigenous Aniwan (Anaiwan) people occupied the area that encompasses current day Armidale... Armidale was first settled in the early 1830s, following the earlier exploration of the area by John Oxley. It was named after Armadale on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, but seemingly the city fathers were not good spellers. The Scottish Armadale was the ancestral home of George James McDonald who was the Commissioner for Crown Lands in the late 1830s. (This is not to be confused with Armadale, West Lothian, near Edinburgh.) Oxley recommended the region for grazing, and soon early pioneers set up small farms in the locality. Armidale Post Office opened on 1 April 1843. The town, which was surveyed in 1848 and gazetted in 1849, was established to provide a market and administration for the farms, but soon after gold was discovered at nearby Rocky River and Gara Gorges, and a gold rush ensued, enlarging the town rapidly in the 1850s. Source: Wikipedia


Auburn is the name of a small town in the southern edge of the Clare Valley, in the Mid North of South Australia. It lies in the northern Mount Lofty Ranges just east of the Skilly Hills...Often considered the Gateway to the Clare Valley, Auburn was originally settled by William Tateham, who lived in a dugout along the Wakefield River and was first named Tateham's Waterhole because of this. It was also the birthplace of Australian poet, C. J. Dennis (born 1876), who lived for a time in the former Auburn Hotel, which has since been demolished. A small tributary of the Wakefield River, Dennis Creek runs through the town and was named in honour of his father, who was the hotel publican...The town is approximately 111 kilometres from the state's capital, Adelaide and 25 kilometres south of the town of Clare. Source: Wikipedia


Avoca is a small village located 81 kilometres (50 mi) south-east of Launceston in the island of Tasmania. At the 2006 census, Avoca and the surrounding area had a population of 123. Avoca is situated on the banks of the South Esk River and was first settled in the 1830s. It was originally named St. Paul's Plains by the explorers who surveyed the area in 1833. The area was officially settled in 1834 as a farming, coal and tin mining village. Today mines in the area have closed and Avoca serves only as a farming community. St. Paul's Plains Post Office opened on 1 June 1832 and was renamed Avoca in 1837.[2] Source: Wikipedia There is also an Avoca History page on the Fingal Valley History web site.


Bagdad is a small town 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Hobart, Tasmania. It is in the Southern Midlands Council. In the days of the horse and buggy, Bagdad was an important rest area and horse-changing place for those continuing their journey up Constitution Hill. It is now an area of orchards and small mixed farms and a commuter settlement. The town was named by the explorer Hugh Germain, a private in the Royal Marines. He was said [by whom?] to carry two books in his saddlebags while travelling: the Bible and the Arabian Nights, which he used as inspiration when he named places. Bagdad Post Office opened on 1 December 1878. A railway line connected the town with Hobart from 1891 until 1947. Source: Wikipedia


The town of Balaklava is located in South Australia, 92 kilometres north of Adelaide in the Mid North region. It is on the banks of the Wakefield River, 25 kilometres east of Port Wakefield. The first European settlers in the area were James and Mary Dunn who opened a hotel in 1850. The town was laid out by Charles Fisher in 1869 and named it after the Battle of Balaklava. He built large grain stores on the tramway from Hoyleton to the port at Port Wakefield, intending to encourage farmers to settle near the town.The first Hotel erected in the township of Balaklava was the Balaklava Hotel, later called the Royal. Thomas Saint borrowed the finances from Thomas James Manton and applied for the Hotel Keepers Licence on 17/11/1870 and was granted licence No.17 of 1871 on 04/04/1871. Balaklava used to be on the railway line from Adelaide to Gladstone, with a junction to Port Wakefield. The line north from Hamley Bridge (connecting to Adelaide) opened in 1878 as a narrow (1,067 mm) gauge line. It was converted to broad gauge (1600mm) in 1927 and still exists as far as Balaklava. Source: Wikipedia


Ballarat is a city located on the Yarrowee River and lower western plains of the Great Dividing Range in the state of Victoria, Australia, approximately 105 kilometres (65 mi) west-north-west of the state capital, Melbourne... It was named by Scottish squatter Archibald Yuille who established the first settlement—his sheep run called Ballaarat—in 1837, with the name derived from local Wathaurong Aboriginal words for the area, balla arat, thought to mean "resting place". The present spelling was officially adopted by the City of Ballarat in 1996. It is one of the most significant Victorian era boomtowns in Australia. Just months after Victoria was granted separation from New South Wales, the Victorian gold rush transformed Ballarat from a small sheep station to a major settlement. Gold was discovered at Poverty Point on 18 August 1851 and news quickly spread of rich alluvial fields where gold could easily be extracted. Within months, approximately 20,000 migrants had rushed the district. Source: Wikipedia


Balmain is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Balmain is located 6km west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Municipality of Leichhardt. Balmain is located on the Balmain peninsula surrounded by Port Jackson, adjacent to the suburbs of Rozelle to the south-west, Birchgrove to the north-west, and Balmain East to the east. Iron Cove sits on the western side of the peninsula, with White Bay on the south-east side and Mort Bay on the north-east side.... Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by Gadigal and Wangal people. Stories from early settlers in the area tell of how the local indigenous people used to hunt kangaroo by driving them through the bushy peninsula, down the hill to Peacock Point at the East end, where they were killed. The area now known as Balmain was part of a 550 acre (2.2 km²) grant to colonial surgeon Dr William Balmain (1762–1803) made in 1800 by Governor John Hunter. Source: Wikipedia


Barrington is in the north of Tasmania. According to a Advocate article from 1920 celebrating the centenary of Methodism in Tasmania, Between the old Mersey circuit and Deloraine there is a wide stretch of fruitful land which early attracted the attention of settlers, the earliest of them being Methodists who went from Westbury in 1865, and founded the district of Barrington. John Coleman, who was appointed to look after the spiritual needs of these pioneers, held prayer and class meetings "twice on Sundays and once on week nights." The people brought to the evening meetings lighted paling torches with which they found their way through the dense bush. Barrington was placed on the Mersey plan, and in 1870 a church was erected, the timber being cut and the labor supplied by the settlers themselves. Source: Advocate, Tuesday 26 October 1920


Barunga is a 'hundred' in County Daly in South Australia. County Daly was proclaimed in 1862 and is comprised of the following hundreds: Barunga (1869), Cameron (1869), Clinton (1862), Kadina (1862), Kulpara (1862), Mundoora (1874), Ninnes (1874), Redhill (1869), Tickera (1874), Tiparra (1862), Wallaroo (1862), Wiltunga (1874), Wokurna (1874). Source: Adelaide Cooperative History: Counties and Hundreds of South Australia;

Battery Point

Battery Point is a suburb of the city of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. It is immediately south of the Central business district... Battery Point is named after the battery of guns which were established on the point in 1818 as part of the Hobart coastal defences. The battery no longer exists. The area is generally known as one of the city's more prestigious suburbs, with many large and extravagant homes and apartment blocks. It adjoins the waterfront Salamanca area as well as the nearby prestigious suburb of Sandy Bay... Battery Point has a large number of historic houses dating from the first European settlement of 'Hobart Town'. Probably the most significant is Arthur Circus with its cottages, mostly originally constructed for the officers of the garrison. Arthur Circus is the only circus in Australia. Source: Wikipedia


Beaconsfield is a former gold mining town near the Tamar River, in the north-east of Tasmania, Australia. It lies 40 kilometres north of Launceston on the West Tamar Highway. It is part of the Municipality of West Tamar.... The area around Beaconsfield was first explored by Europeans in 1804 when William Paterson led an expedition to Port Dalrymple and established a settlement at York Town. Settlement of Beaconsfield itself, then known as Brandy Creek did not occur until the 1850s. Limestone mining led to the discovery of gold in 1869. Gold mining began in 1877 and the area's population boomed. Brandy Creek Post Office opened on 1 December 1877 and was renamed Beaconsfield in 1879. The town was named Beaconsfield in 1879 in honour of Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time. In 1881, the Beaconsfield newspaper was called the Beaconsfield Tickler. In 1953, Beaconsfield was the first town in Australia to fluoridate the water supply. Source: Wikipedia

Beauty Point

Description of Beauty Point in Tasmania to be entered here.


Bellerive is a suburb of the City of Clarence, part of the greater Hobart area, Tasmania, Australia. It stretches from Kangaroo Bay where it borders Rosny Park, around the curved shoreline of Bellerive Esplanade to Kangaroo Bluff, then down to Bellerive Beach and east to Second Bluff, where Bellerive borders Howrah. To the north Bellerive is bordered by the small foothills of Waverly Flora Park... Bellerive was first settled in the 1820s, and at that time known as 'Kangaroo Point', for the large numbers Kangaroos that would be seen on the shore. Even before this time a ferryman regularly crossed the Derwent, coming ashore in the Bellerive area. Following the first settlers, the area expanded rapidly, with roads to the farming districts of Clarence Plains (Rokeby), Coal River (Richmond) and Hollow Tree (Cambridge) soon developing. By the 1830s the name was changed to Bellerive (meaning 'beautiful river bank') and the village had become the hub of eastern shore contact with Hobart, and several boats would cross between Bellerive and Sullivans Cove every day. Source: Wikipedia


Bicheno is a town on the east coast of Tasmania, Australia, 185 km north-east of Hobart on the Tasman Highway, with a population of 853.[1] It is part of the municipality of Glamorgan/Spring Bay. The town is primarily a fishing port and a beach resort. The town was named after James Ebenezer Bicheno, the British Colonial Secretary for Van Diemen's Land from 1843 to 1851. The first historical reference to the place that was to become Bicheno was made by James Kelly during his circumnavigation of Van Diemen's Land. He landed here (when it was known as Waubs Harbour) to dry his provisions. From 1803 Waubs Harbour was used as a whaling port. Bicheno was proclaimed a township in 1866. Bicheno Post Office opened as a receiving house on 1 January 1855. Source: Wikipedia

Black Brush

Black Brush is an area in Tasmania ...between Mangalore and the Elderslie Road, 7 kilometres off the main highway from Hobart to Launceston. It is approximately 25 kilometres north of Hobart and 8 kilometres east of Broadmarsh. Source: Family Tree of Trudy May Cowley According to other sources, the district called Black Brush became known as Mangalore. Source: Changes in Tasmanian Place Names

Black River

Black River is a rural area in the North-West of Tasmania. In the early 1860s a gold strike was report while cutting a road through the region (The Cornwall Chronicle 1 October 1862) Around the same time a bridge was built across the river but had fallen into disrepair by the mid 1870s and had to be replaced. (Launceston Examiner 23 September 1876) The area was described in the 1880s as ...rather isolated, but by no means inactive. I expect the name is rather new to your columns, although well-known along the N. W. Coast as a large potato-growing district. (Launceston Examiner 16 June 1885) The area had its own church and post office. (Advocate 31 January 1934)

Blaxlands Flat

Blaxlands Flat is an area between Armidale and Grafton in the north of New South Wales. The region was no doubt named after the explorer Gregory Blaxland (17 June 1778 – 1 January 1853) (who) was an English pioneer farmer and explorer in Australia, noted for initiating and co-leading the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains by European settlers. Source: Wikipedia.

Blue Mountain
Boat Harbour

Bothwell, Tasmania is a small town with a population at the 2006 census of 376. Situated in central Tasmania on the River Clyde, it is notable for hunting and being a lake district. It is part of the municipality of Central Highlands Council. Nearby locations include Ouse, Hamilton and Kempton... For some years after 1848, Bothwell was the place of exile of the Irish nationalist leaders John Mitchel and John Martin; their lodging Nant Cottage still stands. Bothwell is home to the oldest golf course in Australia, Ratho, which was built in the mid-1850s. Bothwell Post Office opened on 1 June 1832. Source: Wikipedia


Braidwood is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Palerang Shire. It is located on the busy Kings Highway linking Canberra to Batemans Bay on the coast. It is about 200 kilometres south west of Sydney and about 60 kilometres inland from the coast. Braidwood is a service town for the surrounding region which is based on sheep and cattle grazing and forestry operations. At the 2006 census, Braidwood had a population of 1,108... European explorers reached the district in 1822 (Kearns, Marsh and Packer). The area was first settled by Europeans in the 1820s, and the town was surveyed in 1839. The village was located near the headwaters of the Shoalhaven River. The town was named after Dr Thomas Braidwood Wilson. He had been a surgeon-superintendent of ships taking convicts to New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land (now known as Tasmania). Source: Wikipedia

Bream Creek

Bream Creek is a small settlement in Tasmania, "...about 20 miles from Sorell, situated on the creek, whose name it bears, near the head of Marion Bay, 30 miles east of Hobart. It is in the county of Pembroke, and municipality and electoral district of Sorell. It has a public school and two places of worship. Agricultural district... The population of Bream Creek is very scattered, consisting of a number of small settlers, who occupy the sides and summits of the hills around. The soil is good, but from its position, difficult to cultivate. The term Ragged Tier, applied to the hill range here, if not euphonious, is certainly descriptive. One building suffices for church, chapel, and schoolhouse. The river abounds with bream." Source: The Mercury Monday 15 July 1929, see the Bream Creek forum topic for the full description and reference.


Bridgewater, Tasmania, is a suburb in Tasmania's south-east. Located approximately 19 km from the Hobart CBD, and is part of the northern suburbs area of Greater Hobart. Bridgewater is situated on the eastern shore of the Derwent River. It is a suburb of the local government area of the Municipality of Brighton. From a transport perspective, Bridgewater is one of the first suburbs encountered by visitors traveling from the state's north via the Midland Highway and the Brighton Bypass. The suburb connects to the western shore via the Bridgewater Bridge and Causeway. Bridgewater was also once home to the train station, which was used by commuters for travel into the city. Source: Wikipedia

Brighton (TAS)

Brighton is both a suburb or town and a district in Tasmania. [The] Brighton... suburb [is] 27 km north of Hobart, in Tasmania, Australia. It is between Pontville and the outer Hobart suburb of Bridgewater on the Midland Highway. At the 2006 census, Brighton had a population of 3,145. From 1826 onwards, the township was the site of the Brighton Barracks, a military accommodation facility until sold off for subdivision in the early 2000s. A Brighton Post Office opened on 1 June 1832. This was renamed Pontville in 1895 and closed in 1973. The current Brighton office opened on 22 May 1964. Source: Wikipedia


Description of Broadmarsh, Tasmania to be entered here.

Broken Hill

Broken Hill is an isolated mining city in the far west of outback New South Wales, Australia... Broken Hill is located near the border with South Australia on the crossing of the Barrier Highway (national route 32) and the Silver City Highway (national route 79), in the Barrier Range... Broken Hill is Australia's longest-lived mining city. In 1844, the explorer Charles Sturt saw and named the Barrier Range, and at the time referred to a "Broken Hill" in his diary. Silver ore was later discovered on this broken hill in 1883 by a boundary rider named Charles Rasp. The "broken hill" that gives its name to Broken Hill actually comprised a number of hills that appeared to have a break in them. The broken hill no longer exists, having been mined away... The area was originally known as Willyama... Source: Wikipedia

Brown's River

Description of Buckland, Tasmania to be entered here.

Bulla (Deep Creek)

Bulla is a locality and township of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 29 kilometres (18 mi) north-west from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Hume... Deep Creek, a tributary of the Maribyrnong River, flows through the township. Bulla's name is of Indigenous origins but the meaning is unclear. It was first settled by William "Tulip" Wright, the former chief constable of Melbourne in 1843. In 1851 the village was surveyed. A flour mill, brickworks and pottery works were built to exploit local kaolinite reserves, and facilities were quickly erected to serve the local population, including several churches (two of which are now listed by the National Trust), a school, general store, and from 1862, council offices. Bulla Post Office opened on 1 March 1851 but was known as Bulla Bulla until 1854. Source: Wikipedia


Burnie is a port city on the north-west coast of Tasmania. When founded in 1827, Burnie was named Emu Bay but it was renamed for William Burnie, a director of the Van Diemen's Land Company, in the early 1840s. Burnie was proclaimed a city by Queen Elizabeth ll on April 26, 1988. (Wikipedia)

Bushy Park

Description of Bushy Park, Tasmania to be entered here.


Bute is a town in the Mid North of South Australia, approximately 40 kilometres east of Wallaroo and 24 kilometres west of Snowtown. It was proclaimed as a town in 1884 and named after the Isle of Bute, in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. Attractions to the town include the nearby Bute tannery, Bute Hobbies Bromeliad Display Gardens and the Bute Hotel. The town is surrounded by agricultural and pastoral land. Bute was the original site of the Yorke Peninsula Field Days in 1895; they are now held outside Paskeville. Bute is situated on the disused rail line between Wallaroo and Brinkworth. This line was originally narrow gauge (1067mm) but was converted to broad gauge (1600mm) in 1927.[6] From the late 1990s until 2009 a tourist train traversed the line from Wallaroo to Bute. Source: Wikipedia


Description of Campania, Tasmania to be entered here.

Campbell Town

Campbell Town is a town in Tasmania, Australia, on the Midland Highway. At the 2006 census, the town had a population of 772. Campbell Town was originally one of the four garrison towns linking Hobart and Launceston. Campbell Town Post Office opened on 1 June 1832. Today, it acts as the only major rest area on the Midland Highway, with toilets, a park, a large car park and a range of food outlets. Campbell Town is also the retail centre for much of the southern part of the Municipality. One of Campbell Town's features is the convict-built Red Bridge, the oldest bridge on the National Highway. It was named by Governor Macquarie after his wife, Elizabeth Campbell, as was the river passing through the town, the Elizabeth River. Source: Wikipedia


Description of Canowie in South Australia to be entered here.

Carlton (TAS)

Description of Carlton in Tasmania to be entered here.

Carlton (VIC)

Carlton is a suburb of Melbourne, (in Victoria), Australia, 2 km north from Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Melbourne.... Its boundaries are Melbourne University to the west, Princes Street to the north, Victoria Parade to the south, and Nicholson Street to the east. The suburb is well known for its "Little Italy" precinct on Lygon Street, for its Victorian architecture and its garden squares including the Carlton Gardens, the latter being the location of the Royal Exhibition Building, one of Australia's few man-made sites with World Heritage status. Carlton is thought to have been named after Carlton House, London. Carlton was founded in 1851 at the beginning of the Victorian Gold Rush, with the Carlton Post Office opening on 19 October 1865. Source: Wikipedia


Carrick is a small historic village 17 kilometres (11 mi) west of Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, on the banks of the Liffey River. The Meander Valley Highway passes through the town's centre; this road was formerly the main road from Launceston to Deloraine and Devonport. Carrick has a well-preserved 19th-century heritage; fifteen of its colonial buildings are listed on the Tasmanian Heritage Register including Carrick House (1840), St Andrew's Church (1848), the Old Watch house (1837), Monds Roller Mill (1846) and the Carrick Hotel (1833). The first land grant at Carrick was in 1818 and a decade later William Bryan was building a wooden mill on the river's bank. The town was formed in consequence of this mill's construction and town plots sold in 1838. Carrick Post Office opened on 5 November 1841. Source:


Description of Castlemaine in Victoria to be entered here.


Description of Caveside in Tasmania to be entered here.