Margaret Smedley is believed to be the eldest daughter of William Smedley and Ann Stokes. No birth or baptism registration has been found to date but there is much circumstantial evidence placing her in this family. Margaret was recorded as "free" for the Convict Permission to Marry record with Samuel Horton; there was only one Smedley family in the district of Horton at the time; Margaret consistently used the surname Smedley except on one occasion when she used the surname Stokes (her proposed mother's maiden name); her birth date, calculated from her age stated at marriage and at death (which in itself is remarkably consistent), fits in with her proposed parent's timeline; and she witnessed a number of events with confirmed members of the family.
Margaret was born about 1832, probably in the Clarence Plains area of Van Diemen's Land where her parents were living at the time.1 After Margaret's birth another daughter Ann Smedley was born in 1834 whose birth was registered. Even so, Margaret's parent's weren't married until 1838. Around 1842 or 1843 when Margaret was 10 she moved along with her family from Clarence to the Circular Head district and it was here that she met a young labourer who was a convict working with the Van Diemen's Land Company.
Samuel Horton was born on 1 November 1821 in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England and christened on 2 September 1822 at St. Martin’s Church, the second oldest of William and Sarah Horton’s six children.2 William Horton and Sarah Field had married on 25 April 1819 in Birmingham3 and William was a painter in Ann Street, Birmingham.4 We know so much about Samuel's English origins because of his later convict records, and he included his ancestors surnames as some of his children's middle names.
On 12 August 1840 Samuel was tried at Warwick Assizes and sentenced to 10 years transportation. The historical part of his Convict Conduct Record, difficult to read in parts, details his crime, trial, and behaviour on the journey to the colony (spellings have been normalised and abbreviations expanded):
Tried Warwick Ass[izes] 12th Aug[us]t 1840 - 10 Yrs
Embarked 24 Nov[ember] 1840 Arrived 17 March 1841 -
Protestant - Can neither read nor write -
Transported for Burglary - Gaol Report - Character
bad, in prison before, Hulk Report, Orderly Single
Stated this Offence - Housebreaking [Pros] Mr Cofee, Cheap
side - once Row discharge Single
( No of Offences
( How Employed
( Gen[era]l Conduct - Good
Trade Brassfounder; Height 5/5; age 19; Complex[ion] fair; Head small; Hair l[igh]t brown; Whiskers none; Visage rather long; Forehead broad; Eyebrows DR Brown; Eyes L[igh]t Blue; Nose strong; Mouth med[iu]m; Chin med[iu]m; Nat[ive] Place Birmingham.
Remarks - Woman on r[igh]t arm [H or TC] inside left arm freckled.5
The location of his crime, Cheapside, was in the Markets area of Birmingham, and not surprisingly there were a number of brass foundries in the area as well. The street, which is what Cheapside was, runs from Barford Street to Moseley Road, running parallel with Digbeth/High street. The location was relatively ancient and has since been replaced with factories and warehouses.6
Cheap derives from the Old English ceapan meaning 'to buy'; and Cheapside was used as a term for a 'market-place' or markets area. The name is found in many towns, but most famously in London where surrounding streets tells of the products sold there: Bread Street, Honey Lane, Milk Street, Poultry. This was not a district but a streetname in Birmingham and could be a London import of the late 18th century, probably by Samuel Bradford whose potential estate this was. However, the name may have local connections. Before the Bull Ring was cleared of its encroachments by the Streets Commissioners in the 18th century, part of the markets area was known as Corn Cheaping ie. 'corn market'.7
Samuel's convict conduct record relates that he was 19, which makes his birth year about 1821. In his Convict Indent Samuel gives his fathers name as William (a painter in Ann street), and he records four brothers: Joseph, John, Frederick and Edwin, and lone sister, Harriet.8 These scant but valuable details would have been the only information available to the author of the earliest history of Samuel Horton that can be found, written by Irma L. Boughton. Irma was a Horton descendant who deposited her works with the State Library of Tasmania, generously sharing her research for later generations. The story of "Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania" reports that:
Samuel Horton, son of William and Ann Horton, was born into a middle-class family of Birmingham, England...William, a painter, and Ann (Street) appear to have been a hardworking and conscientious couple, and apprenticed their son Samuel, at an early age to a brass founder.9
Irma confused Samuel’s mother’s name with his father’s address which is what was actually recorded on his convict description list - Ann Street, an entirely understandable error, but one that probably steered her away from Samuel's true parents, William Horton and Sarah Field. According to Dot Walker, a Horton family researcher, at the time Samuel was transported, William was living in Ann Street and working as a Painter. Following that, William is recorded as a Glazier and the family were living at the time in Wood Street up until 1830. He was then recorded as a Glazier and Plumber, and the family were living in Lionel Street.....all addresses in Birmingham.10 Irma continues:
It appears that Samuel was a powerful young man, although hot-headed, impulsive and unbending to a degree. These traits seemed to have remained with him throughout his life and it was these characteristics, at the age of nineteen years, which caused him to leave England forever.11
It is interesting to note that Irma Broughton never makes mention of the fact that Samuel was convicted of a crime which caused him to be transported from England. That she must have known he was a convict is obvious, but her actions were probably far from nefarious. Even in the 1980's when Irma wrote her booklet no-one really discussed their convict ancestors, and oftentimes family historians have a delicate balance to maintain in deciding what to make available to the wider family without provoking anger or distress, particularly to an older generation.
Samuel Horton was indeed a convict, part of the over 65,000 men, women and children that came to Van Diemen's Land in chains. Samuel arrived aboard the Lady Raffles which embarked from England on 24 November 1840 and arrived in Hobart Town on 17 March 1841. Charles Bateson in his book The Convict Ships 1787-1868 concurs with the arrival date but has the ship sailing the 2 December 1840. The ship was built at London in 1817, classed an AE1 vessel, Tonnage 648, and sailed from Portsmouth via the Cape to Hobart in 105 days. The Masters name was Ed. Hight and the Surgeon Rbt. Wylie. 330 Male convicts were embarked and 327 Male convicts landed.12 Irma Boughton makes mention of the fact that
...barques of over 50 tons were considered big in those days...(and that) the ship was...protected by four guns...we know from records that the day (of Samuel's arrival in Van Diemen’s Land) was fine with a light sea breeze ...13
Upon arrival in Van Dieman's Land in March 1841 he was assigned to a Road Gang at what was known as Red Hills. The following transcription attempts to be faithful to the source document but that is incredibly difficult to read. In this instance abbreviations have been expanded in square brackets, and instead of a great big block of text, the individual offenses have been dot pointed for clarity:
Period of Probation - Fifteen Mo[nth]s 20/10/41 Ext[ende]d - one
Station of Gang CB 1/4/41 R[ed] H[ills] 15/7/42 PB 22/10/42 Perth
Class - 1st 2 1st | P. P. H. 3 Class
Offences & Sentences
- 30th Oct[obe]r 1841. Pub. R[ed] Hills | Miscond[uc]t in remov[in]g the partition boards in his sleeping berth after he was in bed. Recom[ende]d that his Prob[ation] be extended one month. | W. J. N. App[onte]d & Vide | L. G. D.5/11/41
- 19th July 1842 XXXX term of prob[atio]n ext[ende]d
- 9 Dec 42 Walker, Longf[or]d | Disob[ienc]e of orders. Admon[ishe]d only at his master's intercess[io]n. W. P.
- 26 Dec 43 Walker, Longf[or]d | Miscon[duct] in being on Mr Archer's property & creating a disturbance, seven days solitary | C. A.
- 17th April 1846. Ticket of Leave.
- 18 Jany 47. Wilmore, Longf[or]d. | Absent with[ou]t leave One Month. To[?] of correct & 1/4 forfeit [40%] of his wages due to him | C. A. XXXX App 22/1/47
- 20 XXXX XXXX | Absent from his author[ise]d place of residence. Thirteen days unp[ai]d H[ard] lab[ou]r. P. M.
- 7 Sept 47 Wilmore, Longf[or]d | Absent from his hired service with[ou]t leave. One Month hard labour. To[?] C[?]orrect and forfeit his wages due. One Month hard labour. To[?] C[?]orrect and forfeit his wages due. [this repitition is in the source document] C. A. & C. R. | Appd. 9/4/47
- 18 Oct 47. Circular Head | Drunk. Fined 5/ | P. M.
- Recom[ende]d for a C[onditional] P[ardon] 10/10/49.
- C[onditional] P[ardon] app[rove]d 27/11/49.14
22/10/42 T. Walker
9/3/44 Mr. E. Wilmore
17/2/47 Ret. to T. L.
2/4/47 Ret. to T. L.
6/5/47 Ret. to T. L.
The early Walker entry, along with the reference to Rhodes, Longford in the remarks, means Samuel was assigned to Thomas Walker of Rhodes, Longford in 1842. Thomas Walker was born in Yorkshire in 1791 and arrived in Port Jackson in 1818. He ultimately left Sydney in 1832 and with his family moved to "Van Diemen's Land, and built another Rhodes on his grant at South Esk near Longford. Made a magistrate in October 1837, he lived at Rhodes in Tasmania."15
Irma Boughton reports '...it is known that (Samuel) ... was employed by Dr. E. Wilmore at Circular Head as husbandman from 1844 to 1847.'16 This is confirmed by Samuel's Convict Conduct Record where it notes that Samuel's assignment started 9 March 1844. Edmund William Wilmore arrived in Hobart Town on 19 April 1835 on the Vibilia and was registered as a Surgeon in 1846.17
The Dr being too late for a free grant of land, chose and bought crown land in the District of Longford, which he named "Kinlet". There he began agricultural farming on the English plan using hedges of Hawthorne instead of the unsightly Colonial fences then largely used by Settlers. A few years later he bought more land on which he bred farming and racing horses...18
Samuel Horton of the Lady Raffles sought permission to marry Mary A. (possibly Margaret) Smith in January 1847 which was approved at the time but never materialized. Whether or not it was refused further down the line because of Mary's apparent convict status we may never know, (In the ships column beside her name 'Margaret' is entered).19
On the 4 April 1848 Samuel's second application for marriage was approved20 and he married his intended, Margaret Smedley, in St. Paul's Church, Stanley, Tasmania on 8 May 1848, according to the rites of the Church of England, service performed by Rev. J. N. Griggs. Witnesses were John and Rachel Coventry. John was the son of William Coventry who escaped from Macquarie Harbour in 1829, four months after he was sentenced to 7 years, but was subsequently murdered and cannibalized by his companions. Neither Samuel or Margaret could read or write, making the customary 'mark' instead. He is listed as age 27, condition Bachelor, Trade Labourer; she as age 16, condition Spinster.21
Samuel and Margaret would have fourteen children, all of whom were born in the district of Horton. Horton was in the north-west of Tasmania and came into existence in 1841 when the original district of Launceston was divided into the areas of Launceston and Horton. Horton was later further divided into the areas of Horton and Emu Bay (now known as Burnie) in 1856, and divided again in 1890 to create Stanley and Montagu. It is plain from many of the original documents from this period that Stanley existed as a town in the district of Horton before its' establishment as a district. There is no connection between the district name and the family name of Samuel and Margaret Horton. It is also certain that Samuel Horton was not the same individual who established 'Horton College' as this gentleman of the same name was a Minister of Religion and had no children.
Samuel and Margaret's first child was registered as an un-named male, born 2 February 1849 in the Horton district. The boy was baptised William John Horton on 25 March 1849 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley. For the latter event Samuel was recorded as a labourer living at Forest.22 Their second child was also registed as an un-named male, born on 26 September 1850 in the Horton district. He was baptised James Horton on 27 October 1850 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.23
Samuel and Margaret Horton were witnesses at the marriage of Ann Smedley (17) and William Emerton (29) on 9 June 1851 at Stanley, and this supports the accepted scenario that Margaret and Ann were sisters.24 Ann's christening was recorded in 1834 with her parents listed as William Smedley and Anne Stokes, who moved to the district of Horton from Clarence Plains between the years 1841 (son Thomas christened at Clarence) and 1844 (son James born at Horton).25 Margaret Smedley was born about 1831 or 1832 if we calculate the birth year from the age stated at marriage.
Samuel and Margaret's third child was another son, Edward Horton born 4 November 1852 in the Horton district. Edward was baptised on 12 December 1852 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.26 Their fourth child was the couple's first daughter. Sarah Horton was born 20 August 1854 in the Horton district and baptised on 22 October 1854 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.27
Samuel and Margaret's fifth child was Harriet Elizabeth Horton, born 12 September 1856 in the Horton dsitrict. Harriet's birth was not registered but she was baptised on 16 November 1856 Circular Head, TAS.28 For their sixth child, registered as an un-named male, born 28 September 1858 in the Horton district, Samuel started to add middle names which reflected his ancestry back in Birmingham. The child was baptised John Palmer Horton on 1 November 1858 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.29 Samuel's maternal grandfather's name was John Palmer Field. The same was true for the birth of their next child, Samuel Henry Field Horton, born 13 August 1860 in the Horton district and baptised on 14 October 1860 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.30 The middle name Field was the maiden name of Samuel's mother Sarah.
In January 1862 Samuel Horton was involved in the election of trustees for the Horton Road District:
We the undersigned landholders of the district of Horton, hereby convene a meeting of the landholders of the said district on Monday, the 10th day of February, 1862, at 12 o'clock, noon, at the "Ship Inn." Stanley, for the election of new Trustees for the said Road District, for the purposes of the "Cross and By-Roads Act," 1800. John Stagg House John Alford, Patrick Carroll, Albert Harman Boys, William Medwin, Samuel Horton, George Fann, Mlichael Lyons, John Williams, Allen Nunn. January 13, Launceston.31
In August 1862, Samuel and Margaret registered the birth of an un-named male, born on 16 August 1862 in the Horton district. Henry Hildred Horton was baptised on 29 May 1863 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.32 By the beginning of 1864 the Horton family was comprised of Samuel (43), Margaret (32), and their children William (14), James(13), Edward (12), Sarah (10), Harriet (8), John (6), Samuel (4) and Henry (1). Irma Boughton relates that 'The house (Samuel and Margaret occupied) was situated on the banks of the Black river, which bordered one side of the property.'33 Here they lived a life of rural simplicity and many snippets of oral mythology are still circulating regarding their exploits. One example from Irma Boughton follows:
On one occasion it was necessary for Samuel and Margaret to visit Stanley. The bush track led down a gentle slope to the river, where a way had been cleared to the ford. The ford was gravelly and level, and the horse was used to it, but on this occasion the river was in flood and flowing swiftly. When about half-way across, the horse suddenly disappeared from sight under water, Samuel, known to be a powerful swimmer, responded immediately and dived to free the horse, a valuable possession, trapped by the harness and vehicle. As soon as the horse was safely on dry land, Samuel turned his attention to Margaret, who was floating rapidly down-stream. Fortunately for her, the crinoline (in her dress) had filled with air and she was being held upright and afloat. Needles to say, Samuel then rescued Margaret.34
No doubt the older children were expected to assist with the maintenance of the household, and to look after the younger siblings which were not in short supply. Samuel and Margaret registed the birth of an un-named female, born 9 November 1864 in the Horton district, and Elizabeth Caroline was baptised on 19 February 1865 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.35 Another un-named female was registered as born 7 October 1866 in the Horton district and Mary Elizabeth Horton was baptised on 23 November 1866 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.36
By 1868 Samuel and Margaret were the parents of ten children, and their eleventh arrived later that year. Frederick George Horton was born 5 November 1868 in the Horton district, and baptised 20 December 1868 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.37 Two years later Samuel and Margaret's eldest child William John Horton (21) married Eliza Burnes (16) on 22 June 1870 in the Horton district.38 It is believed Eliza was born about 1854 to Michael Burnes and Patience Gray.39 15 children have been traced.
Three months after William's marriage Samuel and Margaret had their twelfth child when Susan Ann Horton was born 7 September 1870 in the Horton district. Susan was baptised on 16 October 1870 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.40 Child number thirteen was Alice Louisa Horton, born 3 September 1872 in the Horton district and baptised on 6 October 1872 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.41
On 7 January 1874 there was a local marriage between two Forest residents when Edward Horton (21) married Mary Jane Robinson (17) in the Horton district.42 Mary Ann was born on 28 June 1856 to Robert and Sarah Ann Robinson in the Horton district. Her baptism occurred on 24 August 1856 at Black River and her parents were farmers at Forest.43 10 children have been traced for this family.
Samuel and Margaret's fourteenth child, and officially their last, George Charles Horton, was born 23 March 1875 in the Horton district and baptised on 27 June 1875 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley.44 When George was just turning his one his brother James Horton (25) married Ann Barclay Hutson or Hudson (17) on 5 June 1876 in the Horton district.45 Ann was born on 21 September 1858 in the Horton district to William Hudson and Ann Hay.46 12 children have been traced.
The next event in the Horton family history introduces a significant mystery. The notoriously unreliable Archives Office of Tasmania Colonial Family Links website includes a fifteenth child for Samuel and Margaret Horton, Arthur James Horton, born about 1877.47 The data of birth appears to be a date calculated from the age Arthur stated when he was married (20 in 1897). No state registration or baptism registration exists to support this arrangement which is unusual in this family but a number of other later references do support linking Arthur as a child of Samuel and Margaret Horton, these will be discussed later.
Samuel's name appears on an open letter to the Tasmanian Mail dated 29 September 1877 addressed 'to the honorable William Robert Giblin, recently elected representative for Wellington'. Apparently the press of the time had been rather scathing about how Mr Giblin came about his position, so his constituency felt compelled to declare their approval of his station. The list of signatories reads like a roll call of Circular Head and related families.48
According to Irma Broughton Sarah Horton married John Bucknell on 17 August 1880 in the Horton district but no such marriage registration has been found to date. Apparently John was a native of Bristol and certainly the couple are recorded having at least one child. Irma may have had access to other resources not widely available such as a family bible.49 Three children have been traced.
Assuming the marriage did occur, Sarah's brother John married just 13 days later. John Palmer Horton, farmer (22) married Fanny Saward, farmer's daughter (16) on 31 August 1880 at the dwelling house of Mr. G. H. Saward, Montagu. The witnesses were George Henry Saward, Charles Wilson and D. Atkinson.50 Fanny was born on 9 August 1864 in the Horton district to George Henry Saward and Rachel Williams.51 13 children have been traced.
On 17 February 1885 Samuel Horton appeared as a witness at the inquest held into the death of Jane Atkins (nee Ayres). Margaret Nichols, an Atkins descendant, has recorded that 'The inquest was held at Jane's home at Black River before Henry Pegg, John Haywood, Duncan Sloane, William Horton, Samuel Horton, William Blizzard and Thomas Healy.'52
Harriet Elizabeth Horton (28), farmer's daughter, married Kenneth O'Connor (30), farmer on 1 July 1885 in the dwelling house of Mr. Charles O'Connor, Forest.The witnesses were William Horton, Fanny O'Connor and Charles O'Connor.53 Kenneth was born on 11 May 1855 in the Horton district to Charles O'Connor and Agnes White.54 4 children have been traced.
Elizabeth Caroline Horton (21) married John Halloran or O'Halloran (24) on 7 June 1886 at the residence of the Rev. G. Bohm, Stanley. The service was according to Roman Catholic rights, no doubt to honour the husband's Irish ancestry. The witnesses were Michael Halloran and Etty Carroll.55 John was born on 11 December 1861 in the Horton district to Patrick O'Halloran and Bridget Martin.56 8 children have been traced.
Mary Elizabeth Horton (21) married Thomas Martin Kenny (27) on 29 March 1888 in the Horton district.57 Thomas was born in 1861 in Port Sorell to David Kenny and Bridget Kelly.58 11 children have been traced.
There is a claim that Sarah Bucknell, nee Horton, died in 1890, but no state registration or newspaper reports of this event seem to exist..59
Henry Hildred Horton (27) married his first cousin Susannah H. Emmerton (19) on 18 June 1890 in Stanley.60 Susannah Hellen was born 20 June 1871 in the Horton district, the twelfth child of William Emmerton and Ann Smedley.61 4 children have been traced.
Susan Ann Horton (22) married John Buckingham (24) on 21 December 1893 in the Emu Bay district.62 John was born on 12 December 1868 in the Emu Bay district to John Buckingham and Maria Woodward.63 6 children have been traced.
Alice Louisa Horton (22) married John Healey (26) on 20 August 1895 in the Stanley district.64 John was born 7 October 1868 in the Horton district to Patrick Healey and Mary Mehan.65 5 children have been traced.
Frederick George Horton (27), farmer, married his first cousin Agnes Emmerton (23), domestic duties, on 20 July 1896 in St. Paul's Church, Stanley. The witnesses were Henry Hildred Horton and Annie Louisa Blizzard.66 Agnes was born 8 May 1873 in the Horton district, the daughter of William Emmerton and Ann Smedley.67 6 children have been traced.
The anomaly of the family, if he is a member of the family, Arthur James (Phil) Horton (20) married Eliza Elizabeth Blizzard (19) on 12 May 1897 in the Stanley district.68 Eliza was born 15 August 1877 in the Horton district to William Blizzard and Sarah Jane Alderson.69 2 children have been traced.
By now Samuel was nearley aged 70, and Margaret was approximately ten years his junior. They had spent the last thirty years watching their children have their own children, in all over one hundred grand children, and farm their property at Black River. The years of childbearing had caught up with Margaret however and she died 10 May 1898 at Stanley, just 2 days after their 50th wedding anniversary.70 The Emu Bay Times and West Coast Advocate published a small obituary a week after Margaret's death:
Notes from Stanley.— Our correspondent writes — Mrs Horton, sen, died at her residence at Black River on Wednesday. Her remains were interred in the burial ground at Black River on Thursday. The deceased, who was 82 years of age, was a very old resident. She reared a large family. Her stalwart sons are well known as prominent cricketers on the Coast. Another of the pioneer settlers gone; they are fast passing away.71
Two years after Margaret's death her son George Charles Horton married Helen May Stokes on 21 February 1900 at Forest.72 Helen was the daughter of Joseph Stokes and Mary Ann Harris and was born on 5 May 1883 in the Horton district.73 9 children have been traced.
Just over two months later Samuel Horton died on 3 May 1900 at Black River, although the cause of death at this point is unknown.74 Once again The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times published an obituary of the deceased:
The funeral cortege at the burial of Mr Samuel Horton at Black River on Sunday was the largest ever seen there : from far and wide friends and relations gathered to pay their last tribute of respect to the deceased. Mrs R. Penty and the choir from Stanley journeyed out specially for the service, which was performed by Mr John Edwards. The late Mr S. Horton was a native of Birmingham, England, and was close on his 80th year at his demise. He was a colonist of 60 years standing, and had lived at Black River for 54 years. He leaves a family of seven sons and six daughters ; many of the former are well known on the N.W. Coast for their prowess in the cricket field. Mr Horton was extraordinarily active for his years, and the Saturday previous to his death drove in his load of potatoes to Stanley. In him we have lost another from the now few remaining early settlers, the pioneers and fathers of our island home.75
Irma Broughton finished her booklet about Samuel and Margaret Horton with the following observation:
Today cattle graze contentedly over the area that was once a burial ground - there is no trace to indicate that this is ...(their) resting place...76
Samuel had drafted his last will and testament XX years earlier, which reads:
Samuel Horton's Last Will and Testament to be transcribed here.77
In July 1900 Samuel's estate was still being finalised:
PROBATES. HOBART, Monday. The following probates have been issued:--Abraham, Walker to Ann Marvel, £36; Rosina Eliza Luchman to William Burn, £338;, Alice Warland to Emily Richards, £88. Administration. -Samuel Horton to Henry Hildred Horton, £184.78
On the anniversary of Samuel's death a year later his daughter Harriett added the following memorial notice:
In Memoriam. In loving remembrance of Samuel Horton, who died at Black River on May 3, 1900. Sleep on, dear father, take thy rest, Thy earthly work is o'er, And you have left a troubled world ; To reach that peaceful shore. Relentless death amongst us comes, And bitter grief imparts ; It takes our loved ones from our home But never from our hearts. Inserted by his loving daughter and granddaughter, H. E. O'Connor, 14 Mile, and EVA. O'Connor, Burnie.79
It is at this point that we leave Margaret and Samuel's story, there is probably much more to tell about this remarkable couple and their fourteen, potentially fifteen children. It has been beyond the scope of this research for example to chronicle every sporting event the Horton's were involved in, but they were prominent cricketers of the North-West district and the family produced many local sporting heroes. The rest of this story details the fate of Samuel and Margaret's children. It is comprised chiefly of obituaries but they serve to provide a brief snapshot of these people's lives.
Examining the wealth of newspaper reports about the family an immediate observation is the difference in social material that has been printed over the last 100 years. On 19 March 1911 it was reported in the Examiner that James Horton of Forest was unwell:
Mr James Horton, of Forest, has been laid up with a sudden illness, from which everyone wishes him a speedy recovery. Measles are still dominant in the Forest.80
Again, a day later on 22 March 1911, the North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times reported his condition:
The many friends of Mr. James Horton will regret to learn that be is at present confined to his bed, suffering from an attack of tonsolitis. All hope to see him about again before long...81
James died five days later on 26 March 1911 at Forest.82 Once again, the Examiner reported the event
... A very old and respected resident of Forest, Mr. James Horton, passed away on Sunday morning, aged 60, after a short and painful illness, and was buried on Monday. The funeral was very largely attended, all the district being represented. Mir. Horton always made friends, and had no enemies. He leaves a widow in delicate health, and a family of nine to mourn their loss.83
In a double tragedy for James' large family, his wife and their mother Annie died shortly after James on 27 July 1911. Apparently Annie had been ill for some time, and so young at just 51:
On Thursday at Forest Mrs. James Horton passed away after a long and is painful illness. It is only four months since Mr. Horton died. They were highly respected by all, and leave a large family to mourn their loss. The funeral of the late Mrs. Horton took place on Friday at St. Bartholomew's Church, the Rev. G. W. Ratten offlciating at the grave. The funeral was a very large one.84
The death occurred last week at the residence of Mr. James Emmerton, of a much respected resident in the person of Mrs. Annie Horton, widow of the late James Horton. Deceased, who was in her 52nd year, had been ailing for some time. Her husband pre-deceased her just four months ago. The remains were interred in St. Bartholomew's Church of England cemetery, Rev. G. W. Ratten officiating at the church and graveside.85
Perhaps mercifully James and Annie didn't live to see their son Frederick Norwood Horton leave home to fight in the First World War. Frederick was awarded military honours for his bravery but died during the conflict. There were also other descendants of Samuel and Margaret Horton that were involved in the World War One.
On 7 September 1923 William Horton was reported as unwell:
Friends of Mr. Wm. Horton, sen., will regret to know that he is suffering from a severe attack of influenza which, owing' to his advanced age, is causing his relatives' much anxiety.86
William John Horton died on 23 June 1924 in Forest.87
Obituary to be transcribed here...
Fanny Horton, nee Saward, the wife of John Palmer Horton, died on 3 September 1924 in Marrawah.88
HORTON.-On the 3rd September, 1924, Fanny, the wife of J. P. Horton, in her 61st year. Forever with the Lord.89
Edward Horton's wife Mary Jane, nee Robinson, died on 15 November 1925 in Wynyard.90
The death look place yesterday of Mrs. Mary Jane Horton, the wife of Mr. E. H. Horton, of Montello. Deceased had been ill for some considerable time past, and about three week ago, was taken to the Spencer Hospital where she passed away. There are two sous and three daughters to the husband, who are left to mourn the loss. The sons are Messrs. Arnold (Wynyard), and Will (Melbourne), and the daughters Mesdames E. Clarke and E. Nolan (Burnie), and Mrs. E. Alderson (Melbourne). The funeral takes place tomorrow.91
Eliza Horton, nee Burnes, the widow of William Horton, died on 4 October 1928 in Chudleigh.92
Mrs E. T. Horton
The death occurred on Wednesday last of Mrs Eliza Tassy Horton after a long illness at the age of 75 years. The passing of the late Mrs. Horton removes another of the few remaining pioneers of the district. The deceased lady, with her late husband Mr. William Horton, was highly respected, and she was the mother of 15 children of whom 5 predeceased her when they were comparatively young, two girls having been burnt to death. Those remaining are 4 sons and 6 daughters, being Messrs William, Charles, Arthur, Ernest and Mesdames A. Burgess, J. Emmerton, M. A. Cryan, A. T. Blizzard, F. W. Horton and W. Blizzard. Mrs. Horton was a very capable nurse for many years and she will live long in the memory of many families in this district. Mr. Charles Burns of Mengha is a brother.93
Kenneth O'Connor, husband of Harriet Elizabeth O'Connor, nee Horton, died on 7 March 1936 in Forest.94 The following memorial was reported three years later by his family:
O'CONNOR.-In fond memory of my dear husband and our dear father (Kenneth O'Connor), who died at Forest on March 7, 1936.
His cheerful ways, his smiling face,
Are pleasant to recall;
He had a smile for everyone,
And died beloved by all.
-Inserted by his loving wife and sons, Forest, Tasmania.95
Edward was the next child of Samuel and Margaret Horton to pass away. He died on 18 September 1936 in Wynyard:
Late Mr. E. Horton.
The funeral of the late Mr. Edward Horton, one of the early settlers on the North-West Coast, who died at the Spencer Hospital, Wynyard, on Friday, at the age of 84 years, took place at Burnie yesterday afternoon, leaving the Baptist Church for the Wivenhoe cemetery.
Born at Forest in 1852, the late Mr. Horton spent many years in that district as a laborer. With his family he moved to Burnie about 50 years ago. For 10 years he was manager of the Armitage Estate, near Upper Burnie, for Dr. Armitage. Later he mannged farms for Mr. Cyril Davey, at Elliott and on the New Country Road. He carted tin from the mines at Waratah to Burnie by means of bullock teams.
Mr. Horton could recall when the old Royal Hotel, which has recently been demolished, at the corner of Ladbrooke and Mount streets, was opened. He was an enthusiastic cricketer in his younger days, captaining the Black River eleven when it obtained thc N.W. Coast premiership. Several years ago he journeyed to Launceston to see his son, Mr. Arnold Horton, play for Tasmania against the English Test team.
Services at the church and the graveside yesterday were conducted by Rev. F. Potter, who paid a tribute to the character of the deceased. The chief mourners were Messrs. A. Horton (son), S. Horton, H. Horton and G. Horton (brothers), E. Nolan, R. Horton, and S. Clark (grandsons), E. Nolan, sen., and E. Alderson (sons-in-law), Fred Horton, M. Healy and L. Healy (nephews), J. Healy (brother-in-law), and Mesdames J. Healy, J. Buckingham and T. Kenny (sisters). The carriers were Messrs. T. Saward, H. Saward, H. Alexander, and O. Hind. Messrs. W. Evans, S. Carson, J. H. Stutferd and C. Cryan were the pall bearers. The gathering of mourners was large, and many beautiful floral tributes were received.
The late Mr. Horton had a family of seven, four of whom, Mrs. E. Clarke (Burnie), Mrs. E. Nolan (Romaine). Mr. Arnold Horton (Launceston), and Mr. William Horton (Victoria), are still living.96
On 17 February 1937 Samuel Henry Field Horton died in Smithton. Samuel had never married and there are no known children:
HORTON.-On Wednesday, February 17, at Dr. Jackson's private hospital, Smithton, Samuel H. F. Horton; aged 76 years.
HORTON.-The Funeral of the late Samuel H. F. Horton is appointed to leave the residence of his brother, Mr. Phil Horton, Forest, TOMORROW (Friday), February 19, at 3 p.m., for interment in the Church of England Cemetery, Forest.-J. A. Billing, Undertaker, Smithton.97
An obituary was published in the Advocate the same day:
Mr. S. H. F. Horton, Forest.
The death occurred at Smithton yesterday of Mr. Samuel Henry Field Horton, a well known identity of the Circular Head district, at the age of 76 years. The late Mr. Horton was born in Circular Head in 1860, and spent most of his early life farming in that district. He was a keen sportsman, and for many years was one of the most prominent cricketers in the municipality. During his later yours he lived a retired life at Wynyard and Forest. Five sisters, Mesdames J. Buckingham, Wivenhoe; J. Healy, Burnie; K. O'Connor, Forest; J. O'Halloran, Irishtown, and J. Kenny, Forth, are living; also Messrs. Phil Horton. Forest: John, Marrawah; Henry, George and Fred, of Forest (brothers). Three brothers, Messrs. William, James, and Edward Horton, and one sister, Mrs. J. Bucknell, predeceased him.
The late Mr. Horton had not enjoyed good health for the past few years, and about a week ago was forced to enter a private hospital at Smithton.
The funeral will take place at the Church of England Cemetery, Forest, to-morrow.98
Alice Healy, nee Horton, died in August 1939, just before the Second World War started. Her funeral was reported in the Advocate:
Late Mrs. J. Healy, Burnie
The funeral of the late Mrs. Alice L. Healy, wife of Mr. John Healy of Burnie, took place at the Wivenhoe cemetery on Wednesday afternoon. A representative gathering followed the remains from the Star of the Sea Church. Services at the church and graveside were conducted by Archpriest P. Hayes.
The carriers were Messrs. J. Kenny and S. Horton (nephews) and J. M. Healy and T. Healy (grandsons). The pallbearers were Messrs. M. Cryan, H., G. and P. Horton.
Chief mourners were Mr. John Healy (husband), Messrs. Jack (Aberdeen), Pat. (Hamilton), Len. (Melbourne), Lawrence and Mick (Burnie), sons: Mesdames J. Healy (Aberdeen) and M. Healy (Burnie), daughters-in-law; Mesdames T. Kenny (Forth) and J. Buckingham (Wivenhoe), sisters; Messrs. Harry, George and Phil. Horton (Forest), brothers.
Many floral tributes were received.99
The year 1939 proved fateful for two of Samuel and Margaret's children when Frederick George Horton died on 18 August 1939:
Late Mr. F. G. Horton, Forest
Mr. Frederick George Horton, a well-known and much-respected resident of Forest, died at his residence on Friday last after a long illness. He was a son of the late Samuel Horton, and one of a family of 14. In his early manhood he was an all-round athlete. He was a runner of class and a keen footballer and cricketer, and up to the last took great interest in these sports. He leaves a widow, one daughter-Mrs. Colin Ruffels-and four sons-Messrs. Thomas, Archibald, Leon and Amos Horton.
The funeral took place on Sunday-at St. Bartholomew's cemetery, Forest. The attendance was large. The rector (Rev. G. J. Baxter) conducted services in the church and at the graveside. Thc chief mourners were the sons, Messrs. Archibald. Thomas and Amos Horton: brothers, Messrs. Harry, George and John Horton; sisters, Mesdames Kenny, Buckingham, O'Halloran and O'Connor. The pallbearers were Messrs. Frank Emmerton, Arthur and Fred Horton and Arthur Blizzard. The carriers were Messrs. Vincent, Martin, Colin and Lloyd Medwin.100
Whilst the war was waging overseas, back home Thomas Kenny, the husband of Mary Kenny, nee Horton, died on in late April, early May, 1941:
Mr. Thomas Kenny, Forth
The funeral of the late Mr. Thomas Kenny took place at Forth on Thursday. The chief mourners were the sons, Messrs. K. D., J. H., B. T., R. G. and Ray Kenny; Daughters, Mesdames G. H. Smith and Ern. Howard, and other relatives. Messrs. Phil. Kelly, M.H.A., D. Healy, W. Chellis and J. W. Gardiner were the pallbearers, and Messrs. Jack Howard, James Chilcott, Bernard Neville and Thomas Brooks the carriers. Wreaths from the following organisations were received: - Railway employes, Devonport; railway goods-shed, Launceston; Floor Coverings Pty. Ltd., Flinders Lane, Melbourne; Post Office staff. Ulverstone; locomotive enginemen, Devonport; flax employees, Ulverstone, and Forth State School pupils.
The late Mr. Kenny was born at Port Sorell on June 3, 1860. Shortly after, his parents moved to Forth, where he spent his childhood, one of his boyhood friends being the late Senator, J. J. Long. At the age of seven his father died. At an early age Mr. Kenny set out for Waratah, then in its infancy, and there he worked for some years. He was a prominent athlete. He won the Miners' Purse, which in those days was the leading Tasmanian footrace, and derived his income from athletics for three years. He married the daughter of the late Mr. Samuel Horton, and settled at Forth, where he resided until his death. He leaves his widow, five sons, Messrs. E. D. and A. C. Kenny (Melbourne), J. H., B. T. and R. G. Kenny (Forth), and two daughters, Mesdames, T. H. Smith and Ern. Howard. Mr. Kenny was always a keen sporting enthusiast, and till a couple of days before his death would talk sport with anyone, his shop being a meeting-place for the purpose. He was a favorite with the children of the district, with whom he spent a good deal of time.101
Samuel and Margaret's daughter Harriet Elizabeth O'Connor, nee Horton, died on 6 May 1943 in Forest:
MRS. H. E. O'CONNOR
M's. Harriet Elizabeth O'Connor, who died at her home at Forest last Thursday, at the age of 86, leaves two sons. Charles and Malcolm. Two daughters and another son predeceased her, and her husband, Mr. Kenneth O'Connor, died about seven years ago. Mrs. O'Connor was a daughter of the late Mr. Samuel Horton, and was born at Forest. During the last war she took a great interest in all patriotic matters, and was an enthusiastic worker for the Red Cross. The funeral service was held at St. Bartholomew's Church, Forest, on Saturday, Rev. W. H. Terry ¡ (Wynvard), officiating. The carriers were Messrs. Eon Stokes, Gordon King, George Thorp and William Smedley, and the pallbearers were Messrs. Jim Grey, Fred Horton, Herb. Medwin and Frank Davison.102
Henry Hildred Horton died in April 1945 in Forest:
LATE MR. H. H. HORTON
Mr. Henry Hildred Horton, who died at his residence, Forest, recently, was the son of the late Samuel and Margaret Horton and was born in the Circular Head district 82 years ago. Hs married Susan, daughter of the late William and Sarah Emmerton, and there were three children - Frederick, Susan (Mrs. Bower), and Louisa (Mrs. Franklin, deceased). He was of a hospitable and friendly nature, ever really to help those in need, and was a staunch Brethren. His funeral took place at the Church of England cemetery, Forest, and was largely attended. Services at the church and graveside were conducted by Rev. L. L. Oldham. Chief mourners were his son and daughter, grandchildren, brothers and sisters and other relatives. Carriers wore Messrs. Leslie, Cyril, Lionel and Frank Horton, W. Smedley and C. Medwin. Pallbearers were Messrs. R. G. Cotton, J. Anderson, H. Medwin, and H. O'Halloran.103
Susan Buckingham, nee Horton, died in August 1946 in Wivenhoe:
MRS. S. BUCKINGHAM,
Mrs. Susan Buckingham, one of Wivenhoe's oldest and best-known residents, who died suddenly at her home at the age of 77, was the fifth daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Horton, and spent her girlhood at Forest. When 19 years old she went to Burnie to reside, and later married Mr. John Buckingham, of Stowport, where she lived for many years. She moved to Wivenhoe when afflicted with ill-health. She is survived by her widower, two daughters and six sons.
Deceased was interred in the Wivenhoe cemetery, Rev. K. J. Hughes conducting services at the home and graveside. Chief mourners were the widower, two daughters (Mesdames J. H. Petterwood and T. Charles), six sons (Messrs. J. Buckingham, Stowport; A. Buckingham, Montello; Graham H. R. and Garnet Buckingham, Wivenhoe), sister (Mrs. T. Kenny. Forth), brothers (Messrs. G. and P. Horton, Forest), grand-daughters (Miss J. Charles, Betty, Valerie, Shirley); grandsons (Messrs. T., G.. M., D., R.. K., B. and J. Buckingham and J. and D. Charles); brothers-in-law (Messrs. B. - Mitchell. Wynyard; F. Dempster, Penguin); sisters-in-law (Mrs. F. Dempster. Penguin: F. Wright), daughters in-law (Mesdames J., R., G., H. and A. Buckingham); sons-in-law (Messrs. T. Charles and J. H. Petterwood), nephews (Messrs. J., T., B. Kenny, D. Collins and A. Wright). Nieces (Mesdames E. Howard. M. Rose and B. Smedley).
Pallbearers were Messrs. R. Purton. C. Kemp. N. and L. Radford, and carriers Messrs. T. Buckingham, B. and T. Saunders and C. Hooper. Floral tributes included wreaths from thc Stowport and A.P.P.M. Football Clubs; foreman and workmates, engineering department, finishing room employes, boiler assistants and boiler room, cell house assistants, A.P.P.M.; manager and staff, Moran and Cato, Burnie.104
Elizabeth Caroline O'Halloran, nee Horton, died on 29 September 1947 in Irishtown:
MRS. E. C. O'HALLORAN
Mrs Elizabeth Caroline O'Halloran relict of the late Mr Jack O'Halloran died at Irishtown in her 83rd year. She was particularly well known in the district where she was held in high regard. She was a daughter of the late Samuel and Margaret Horton and was born at Forest. Six sons and two daughters survive. They are Messrs H. P. Frank, Carl, Leonard, Frederick and Daniel O'Halloran, and Mesdames G. A. and T. B. Kay.
Messrs George (Forest) and John Horton (Boat Harbor) are surviving brothers, and Mrs T. Kenny (Forth) a surviving sister. Deceased brothers and sisters are Messrs James, William, Samuel, Fred and Harry Horton, and Mesdames Bucknell, K. O'Connor, J. Buckingham and J. Healey. Many attended the funeral at Irishtown. Rev. T. Cloudsdale officiated at the graveside and the Church of England. Carriers were Messrs. Ken, Roy and Fred. O'Halloran and Keith Ulric and Tommy Kav. Pallbearers were Messrs. Phil., Arthur and Charles Horton, R. J. Cotton, J. K. Carroll and P. Fahey. Among the wreaths were those from the Irishtown Recreation Ground and Sports Committee, Football Club, State School and Church of England, and the Burnie office of the Woolgrowers' Agency.105
John Palmer Horton died on 30 June 1948, having survived his wife Fanny for 25 years:
Obituary to be transcribed here...
John Buckingham, the widow of Susan Buckingham, nee Horton, died in May 1949 in the Spencer Hospital in Burnie:
MR. J. BUCKINGHAM
Mr. John Buckingham, who died, suddenly at the Spencer Hospital, was widely known and highly respected in the Burnie district. He was 82 years of age, and was born and lived in the district all his life.
Mr. Buckingham was very active, and his death came as a shock to all who knew him. His wife, Susan, predeceased him three years ago.
The funeral was attended by one of the largest corteges seen at Burnie for some time. Mr. J. Delaney conducted services at St. George's Church of England and at the graveside.
The chief mourners were the six sons, Messrs. Jack, Arch., Graeme, Horace, Reuben and Garn. Buckingham; daughters, Beatrice (Mrs. J. Pettiwood) and Lillian (Mrs. T. Charles) ; sisters-in-law, Mesdames T. Kenny and G. Horton (Forest); sister, Mrs. S. Butler (Wvnyard); step-brothers, Messrs. Ben. (Wynyard), Jack and Bill (N.Z.V, and Arthur Mitchell (Bairnsdale, Vic); -step-sisters, Mesdames Myers (Sydney), P. Dempster, J. Collins, and F. Wright; Ben. Mitchell (Wynyard); brothers-in-law, Messrs. George and Phil. Horton; grand-daughter, Mrs. J. Stokes (Richmond, Vic). There are 21 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
The pallbearers, all grandchild ren, were Messrs. J. Charles, T., M., R., K. and G. Buckingham. The carriers were Messrs. J. and C. Rawlings, C. Sushames and M. Radford.
Among the many floral tributes were wreaths from employes, of. the H.E.C. (Burnie), A.P.P.M. Football Club employes, cell plant, wood room, boiler-room, and engineering department, A.P.P.M. Ltd.106
The death occurred in November 1954 of Arthur James Horton, the previously discussed potential 15th child of Samuel and Margaret Horton. The event was reported in the Advocate:
HORTON - On November 16, 1954, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. E. Foggo, Forest, Arthur James (Phil), dearly be loved husband of the late Liza Elizabeth Horton, of Forest; loved father of Ida (Mrs. C. M. Jones, Mawbanna), Doris (Mrs. Lyon, Sydney). Erica (Mrs. W. Smedley, Forest), June (Mrs. E, Foggo, Forest), Glenice (Mrs. C. G. Brooks, Wynyard), Arnie and Bazil (dec); aged 78 years.107
Phil's obituary also appeared in the Advocate a week later:
Mr. Arthur James (Phil) Horton, of Forest, died at the home of his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Eric Foggo, last week, after a long illness.
The funeral took place in the Brethren Cemetery and was largely attended. Chief mourners were daughters Mesdames Max Jones, Eric Foggo, Cyril Brooks and W. Smedley : brother, George Kenny. Forth. Carriers were the sons-in law. Messrs. W. Smedley, E. Foggo, M. Jones and C. Brooks. Pallbearers were Messrs. Chas. Horton, F. Emmerton, C. Cowell, and M. O'Connor. Mr. Wiseman Spinks read the funeral service.108
Arthur, or Phil as he was better known, was referred to as a brother or brother-in-law on at least four occasions between 1937 and 1949, for the deaths of Samuel Henry Field Horton, Alice Louisa Healy, Susan Buckingham and John Buckingham. Contradictory to that, when Frederick George Horton died in 1941 Fred was recorded as "one of a family of 14." Phil makes 15 children, and he is not mentioned as a brother for the death notices of Elizabeth O'Halloran. An Arthur James Horton was born in 1884 to William and Eliza Horton, but that makes him too young (13) to marry Eliza Blizzard in 1897, and he is recorded as marrying Annie Bucknell.
- 1. Calculated Date: age stated at marriage (16 in 1848), age stated at death (66 in 1898)
- 2. IGI Baptism Registration Batch No. C010723.
- 3. IGI Marriage Registration Batch No. M011681.
- 4. AOT Convict Conduct Record CON 14/8
- 5. AOT Convict Conduct Record CON33/1/6
- 6. Rootsweb: WARWICK-L Archives; http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/WARWICK/2001-07/0995221353 and http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/WARWICK/2001-07/0995218513
- 7. William Dargue - A History of Birmingham Places & Placenames; http://billdargue.jimdo.com/placenames-gazetteer-a-to-y/places-c/cheapside/
- 8. AOT Convict Indent CON14/1/8
- 9. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 10. These references are probably from Trade Directories but this needs to be confirmed.
- 11. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 12. Bateson, Charles: The Convict Ships, 1787-1868; Brown, Son & Ferguson Ltd, Glasgow pp. 364-365 and p. 392
- 13. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 14. AOT Convict Conduct Record CON33/1/6
- 15. ADOB: Thomas Walker; http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/walker-thomas-2766
- 16. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 17. Jonathan Klingender: Klingender; http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/k/l/i/Jonathan-Klingender/WEB...
- 18. AOT Wayn Index: http://search.archives.tas.gov.au/default.aspx?detail=1&type=S&id=AE807
- 19. AOT Convict Permission to Marry CON52/1/2 p379
- 20. AOT Convict Permission to Marry CON52/1/2 p386
- 21. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1848/1956
- 22. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1849/514 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 23. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1850/557 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 24. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1851/621
- 25. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1842/1981 and RGD 1844/403
- 26. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1852/249 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 27. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1854/351 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 28. There is no birth registration for Harriet, AOT Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 29. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1858/773 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 30. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1860/1325 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 31. Examiner 14 January 1862
- 32. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1862/773 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 33. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 34. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 35. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1864/998 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 36. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1866/750 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 37. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1868/775 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 38. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1870/342
- 39. Eliza's birth registration has not been located to date, but there is strong circumstantial support for this arrangement.
- 40. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1870/774 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 41. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1872/793 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 42. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1874/385
- 43. AOT Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 44. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1875/804 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 45. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1876/394
- 46. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1858/777
- 47. AOT Colonial Family Links: http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?detail=1&type=P&id=156927
- 48. Tasmanian Mail 29 September 1877
- 49. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 50. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1876/394
- 51. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1864/968
- 52. AOT Inquest SC195/1/64 Inquest 8924 and POL709/1/20 p.26 (1885)
- 53. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1885/559
- 54. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1855/426
- 55. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1886/501
- 56. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1861/1292
- 57. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1888/460
- 58. Kenny Genealogy, Stevenson, Shirley & Doug.
- 59. Dianne's Family Tree, Unknown, Dianne, (http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/).
- 60. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1890/465
- 61. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1871/764 and Baptism Registration NS884/1/14
- 62. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1893/91
- 63. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1869/303
- 64. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1895/768
- 65. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1868/777
- 66. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1896/829
- 67. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1873/771
- 68. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1897/891
- 69. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1877/825
- 70. AOT Death Registration RGD 1898/945
- 71. Emu Bay Times and North West and West Coast Advocate Tuesday 17 May 1898
- 72. TFI Marriage Registration RGD 1900/1141
- 73. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1883/1174
- 74. TFI Death Registration RGD 1900/1187
- 75. The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times Thursday 10 May 1900
- 76. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 77. AOT Last Will and Testament AD961/1/8, page 809, will no. 2137
- 78. Examiner Tuesday 24 July 1900
- 79. The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times Friday 3 May 1901
- 80. Examiner Tuesday 21 March 1911
- 81. The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times Wednesday 22 March 1911
- 82. TFI Death Registration RGD 1911/771
- 83. Examiner Thursday 30 March 1911
- 84. Examiner Tuesday 1 August 1911
- 85. The North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times Thursday 3 August 1911
- 86. Advocate Friday 7 September 1923
- 87. TFI Death Registration RGD 1924/502
- 88. TFI Death Registration RGD 1924/239
- 89. Advocate Saturday 13 September 1924
- 90. TFI Death Registration RGD 1925/1138
- 91. Advocate Monday 16 November 1925
- 92. TFI Death Registration RGD 1928/979
- 93. Circular Head Chronicle October 1929 (sic)
- 94. Boughton, Irma L.: Samuel and Margaret Horton, Pioneers of N. W. Tasmania; Privately Published, 1986
- 95. Advocate Tuesday 7 March 1939
- 96. Advocate Monday 21 September 1936
- 97. Advocate Thursday 18 February 1937
- 98. Advocate Thursday 18 February 1937
- 99. Advocate Friday 25 August 1939
- 100. Advocate Tuesday 25 March 1941
- 101. Advocate Saturday 3 May 1941
- 102. Advocate Thursday 13 May 1943
- 103. Advocate Tuesday 17 April 1945
- 104. Advocate Friday 9 August 1946
- 105. "MRS. E. C. O'HALLORAN." Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) 9 Oct 1947: 2. Web. 5 Oct 2014; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article69025371.
- 106. Advocate Monday 30 May 1949
- 107. Advocate Wednesday 17 November 1954
- 108. Advocate Tuesday 23 November 1954