Frederick William McMahon was born about 1854, if we calculate his birth year from the age that was stated when he died (48 in 1902). Later descendants carried the oral history that Frederick William McMahon was born in Ireland. The legend maintained that he was a soldier with the Royal Dragoon Guard:
Major McMahon was a member of the 12 Dragoon Guards. He used to ride in front of Queen Victoria’s carriage. One day he was found asleep on his horse and he was relieved of his duties. His family thought it was a disgrace and they sent him to Tasmania until the [fuss died] down. He waited all his life for a pardon from Queen Victoria but he never received one. He became known as a remittance man.1
A remittance man has been described as:
“…a person living abroad on money sent from home, especially in the days of the British Empire. There is usually a suggestion of disgrace at home associated with the term.”2
An alternative explanation was also provided:
There are 2 explanations. The first one which I assumed to be the only one until I found out about my Gr-gr-grandfather goes that the black sheep of the family was sent abroad (Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand etc) and sent money each month to stay away from home so that he wouldn't further embarrass the family . This is the most common explanation and many people think its the only one.
In the case of my Gr-gr-grandfather however, I met a 95 year old lady who knew him and she had a different explanation. In England the firstborn son inherits the property and majority of the family money. Later born sons became a problem. What did you do with them? My Gr-gr-grandfather was a second born son. He came to Canada with his wife and children. Each month he was sent money from home. He was an honourable man and also worked while he lived here.3
Other online definitions of this term confirm these two interpretations, and add the third that the term merely meant that his family paid for his passage to Australia. In regard to Frederick’s apparent military status, at the time he would have been in service the Royal Dragoon Guard was not one distinct regiment. The current Guard was "...formed on 1 August 1992 as a result of the amalgamation of the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards. As both these were in their turn the result of earlier amalgamations in the 1920's..." it can be seen that at this stage there is not enough information to assign Frederick to any particular group. The current guard have no record of Frederick William McMahon as part of the historical forces. 4
Major Gore, the 7th Dragoon Guards (Example Uniform)
A check of the International Genealogical Index finds no Frederick William McMahon born in Ireland, although the records for that country are not as comprehensive as others due to the numerous conflicts there. Frederick’s death certificate recorded his reputed birth place as Ireland and a later memorial states that Frederick was native to Lislewin in Ireland but no place of that name has been located.
A Frederick William McMahon was christened on 19 August 1838 at Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England to Henry Matthew McMahon and Maria Taylor.5 While this does not concur with Frederick's estimated year of birth from the age stated at his death, in fact the variance is by 16 years, it is also not an uncommon error of the time. Henry and Maria married on 1 April 1832 at Christ Church, Greyfriars, Newgate6 and had 2 other children: Henry Albert McMahon, christened 29 May 1836, and Rosa Amelia McMahon, christened 30 July 1840, also at Saint Dunstan.7 Unfortunately no further evidence has been found to support this hypothesis.
Frederick McMahon first appears in the historical records of Tasmania with his appointment to the city police as a constable in June 1886:
Today's Gazette contains the following notifications in addition to those which have already been published:
Appointment of Frederick McMessage as constable in city police, vice Albert Webster dismissed.8
Although the surname McMessage was used this was later confirmed to be Frederick William McMahon. The use of the apparent surname will be discussed at a later stage. How Frederick arrived in the state of Tasmania has yet to be determined, but his death certificate of 1902 records that he had been in the state for 16 years making his year of arrival as 1886. As the first mention of him in the historical records was in early 1886 this would appear to be accurate. A cursory check of the shipping records for the whole of 1886 has not revealed the name of the ship he arrived on however.9
The Register of the Appointment, Transfer, Registration and Dismissal of Members of the Police Establishment was checked but there was no entry for either Frederick McMessage or Frederick McMahon.10 His actions as a police officer however are irrefutable. On 8 October 1886 he was commended for his actions in managing a fire in the city:
HONOUR TO WHOM HONOUR IS DUE
SIR – Having seen a report in your paper of the late fire at the Hon. A. McGregor’s and noticing an absence of any praise to Constable McMessage to whose prompt action is due the credit of having prevented a serious conflagration I wish to say that it was mainly through his endeavours the civilian mentioned in the report was aroused. I being the first of them. Through being away from town I have been unable to furnish this information earlier. Yours etc. ONE WHO WAS THERE.11
The fire had occurred a week earlier:
FIRE AT THE HON. A. McGREGOR'S RESIDENCE:
This morning at about 1.10, a bright glare of fire was seen in the direction of Battery Point, and a few minutes afterwards the alarm sounded from the firebell station. The cause was an outbreak of fire in some sheds at the rear of the Hon. A. McGregor's residence, and at first there appeared to be much danger of the flames spreading to the main building. Luckily the outbreak was observed by some young men resident in the locality who instantly raised the alarm and quickly roused up Mr. McGregor and his household, all of whom had retired to rest. There was an abundant supply of water on the premises, and the neighbours round about speedily came with buckets and very soon the burning sheds were effectively deluged. The Fire Brigade with hoses were on the scene by 1-20, but... danger was averted. The sheds where the outbreak of fire occurred are built of wood and covered with corrugated Iron, and in one portion it has been customary to place the ashes from the kitchen fire. It is conjectured that the whirling winds blowing last night fanned the ashes into a glow and then set fire to the adjacent woodwork. Fortunately very little damage was done, and the momentary scare soon subsided. Too much praise cannot be given to the residents in the locality for the systematic and effective way in which they set to work under Mr. McGregor's active superintendence to quench the conflagration. The police were promptly on the scene from their various beats.12
In March 1887 Frederick McMessage was appointed to the Tasmanian Permanent Force:
March 3rd 1887
1. The following man has this day been enrolled, on probation, as a gunner in the Tasmanian Permanent Artillery:
Frederick McMessage Req.t No. 15
Ernest Wallack Capt.13
The Permanent Force was established the year before when “On the 10th of September 1886 … under the title of ‘The Tasmanian Permanent Artillery’ … [the men were] employed to man the batteries at Hobart under the command of E. T. Wallack.”14
The batteries themselves had been built up over the past 15 years since –
“…three Russian warships appeared unheralded in the Derwent [in 1873], stayed for three days and disappeared as suddenly as they had come. They had obviously been taking soundings, and took no notice of the port authorities or other officials. This visit caused great consternation among the townspeople, who demanded adequate defences be prepared against foreign invasion. Their plea went unheeded until 1878, when war with Russia seemed imminent. The Govt, then commissioned MAJGEN Sir William Jervois and LTCOL Peter Scratchley, two experts from England, to report upon Tasmania’s defences. The Queen’s Battery on the Domain had meanwhile been constructed. Their plan consisted of three batteries situated at strategic points around the harbour, supported by a chain of electro-contact mines across the mouth of the river. Queen’s Battery was to be reconstructed to take heavier guns and two new forts were to be built, one at Kangaroo Point, Bellerive and the other at One Tree Point. They were to become known as ‘Bluff’ and ‘Alexandra’ Btys respectively. Bluff Bty was completed in 1883 and Alexandra Bty in 1885, in which year there was once more a Russian war scare.”15
The Queens Battery, August 1869
Just a month after his initial appointment, on April 25 1887, Frederick was moved up the ranks when he was appointed a Bombadier. No doubt Frederick was feeling assured with his new life, having established himself in the fledgling force and already courting his future wife.
On 9 July 1887 at 89 Bathurst Street in Hobart Frederick married Isabella Mackie, the daughter of James Mackie and Jane Hunter of New Norfolk. Isabella was the only one of her family’s 4 daughters to be born in Tasmania, at New Norfolk on 16 April 1857. The rest of the girls were born in Clackmannan, Scotland and in fact Isabella’s sister Margaret was a witness to the wedding. The other witness was G. Kirby. Frederick was recorded as a Batchelor, and a Soldier.16
The Bathurst Street residence may have been a Mackie possession as Isabella’s sister Janet Mackie, who had died the previous year on 27 December 1886, had her last known residence recorded as Bathurst Street, Hobart.17
Less than a month after he was married however, Frederick was demoted as detailed in the following entry in the Order Book:
August 2nd 1887
1. Reg.d No. 15 Bombadier Fred.k McMessage has been reduced to the Ranks & sentenced to 48 hours imprisonment with hard labour for having been drunk on parade & used threatening language to Serg’t Major Brown & for having broken his arrest.
Ernest Wallack Capt.18
Frederick’s status as a married man may have contributed to the next entry which mentions him when on Oct 8 1887 he was “…granted permission to sleep out of [the] barracks.”19
The barracks were probably the Angelsea Barracks in Davey Street:
“In 1811, during his first visit to V.D.L. Macquarie, that energetic and indefatigable administrator, rode out one morning from Government House, then situated in Franklin Square, and mounting the top of a small rise about 1 ½ miles S.W. of the township, turned to his A.D.C. and said ‘This is the spot for duty, living under uncomfortable conditions in hutments in the town’…
The buildings as they stand to-day were completed by the end of the 1830’s, with the exception of the dignified freestone Headquarters block, which was not built until 1850. With it’s old Guard House, Hospital, Jail, Canteen, Drill Hall, Married Quarters, Officer’s Mess, Parade Ground, Linden Ave and 99th Monument, all now surrounded with well-tended lawns and flower gardens, the old Barracks breathes the atmosphere of the past, and is a landmark which should be preserved at all cost.”20
On 28 March 1888 the Artillery were camped at Elwick and Captain Wallack noted in his orders for the day that
“6. Gunner F. McMessage is told off as Commandants Orderly.
What this is means is unknown, although the assumption can be drawn that Frederick failed to properly fulfill his duties as the Commandants Orderly.21 It didn’t seem to interfere with his military career however as the next entry testified:
April 16th 1888
1. Req. no. 15 Gunner F. McMessage is appointed District Gunner for the Queens Battery in place of Reg. No. 18 Gunner R. Rafferty
Ernest Wallack Capt.22
On 14 August 1888 the revelation about Frederick’s use of the surname McMessage was recorded in the orders book:
Aug 14th 1888
The consent of the Governor having been obtained to Req.t. No. 15 Frederick William McMessage reverting to his proper name which is Frederick William McMahon the Commanding Officer is pleased to direct that from this date this man’s name be altered in the rolls and books of the Battery so that he may be known as
Reg.t. No. 17 Gunner Frederick William McMahon
Ernest Wallack Capt.23
TAHO Regimental Order Book
Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office
Various papers from the Governor’s files for the relevant period were checked at the Archives Office of Tasmania but nothing was found to verify the statement that the name change was with the governor’s approval. If the family legend were believed here then the natural conclusion is that Frederick adopted the name to avoid carrying his ‘shame’ from home. He probably realized that the news hadn’t made its way here anyway so he reverted back to his normal identity. “McMessage” doesn’t appear to be surname at all according to any standard criteria.
Frederick and Isabella’s first child was born on 19 April 1889 in Grosvenor Street, Sandy Bay. Their daughter was named Eileen Margaret Jane McMahon. The event was registered by the child’s mother on 28 May 1889 and Frederick’s occupation was once again recorded as a Soldier.24 In the Regimental orders Frederick is mentioned on 20 January 1890:
Jan 20th, 1890
….6. The District duties of the Queens Battery will be taken over from the present District Gunner (Regt. No. 15 F. McMahon) by Regt. No. 21 J. Caulfield.
Ernest Wallack. Capt.25
By April he was again in trouble for his excessive drinking:
April 5th, 1890
Regt. No. 15 Acting Bombadier F. McMahon reverts to the ranks for drunkenness,
Ernest Wallack, Major26
Another child, this time a son, was born at the same address on 23 March 1891. He was named Frederick Hunter McMahon after his father, with the maiden name of his mother’s mother used as a middle name. Isabella registered the event on 30 April 1891 and Frederick’s occupation was modified slightly with this registration to read Permanent Force.27
Frederick and Isabella must have moved to the Kingston district by the following year as another son was born there on 2 April 1892.28 Unfortunately the infant died just two days later on 4 April 1892 of ???.29
Another daughter was born on 24 March 1893 in the Kingston district and they named the child Alice Lillian McMahon.30
Between 1893 and 1898 Frederick left the Permanent Force and settled down to life as a farmer. On 16 February 1898 Frederick and Isabella’s last child and fourth daughter was born, again in the Kingston district, with the couple’s residence recorded as North West Bay. They named the child Maud Kathleen McMahon and her father Frederick registered the event on 28 March 1898 with his occupation noted as Farmer.31
Frederick William McMahon died on 18 December 1902. The cause of death was recorded as Morbus Cordis, an archaic term for heart disease – “probably used by doctors when they didn't know the exact cause of death but were sure it was natural causes”32 There appears to be some disagreement about the date of his death and the date when he was interred. The death notice which appeared in The Mercury on 19 December 1902 reads:
McMAHON – On December 17, 1902, at his residence, North-West Bay, Frederick William, the dearly-beloved husband of Isabella McMahon, in the 48th year of his age. Funeral will leave the address of Alex. J. Clark, Funeral Director, 144 Collins-street, on Saturday at 2 p.m., when friends are invited to attend.33
The Saturday occurred on 20 December whereas the Southern Regional Cemetery Trust records relate that he was buried on 19 December 1902 in the Presbyterian section of the Cornelian Bay Cemetery.34 The death certificate disagrees again by stating the death date as 18 December 1902. The certificate also states that he was born in Ireland and that he had been in Tasmania for 16 years at the time of his death.35
When Frederick died his eldest daughter Eileen was only 13, his youngest child just four. This must have made a deep impression on the family, and it is believed Isabella Mackie's sister Margaret helped with raising the rest of the children.
Isabella McMahon and her children
The year after Frederick’s death his land at North-West Bay was transferred to Isabella, his wife:
PARISH OF KINGBOROUGH.
COUNTY OF BUCKINGHAM.
100a. Or. 16p.
Fronting on the North-West Bay, and bounded by lands granted to Robert George Titt and Thomas Young. Originally granted to Mary Ann Burgess and Edward Maher, and registered in the name of Frederick William McMahon. ISABELLA MacMAHON (Application 2131 R.P.). Caveat must be lodged on or before the 8th day of January, 1904.
Dated the 8th day of December, 1903.36
Some details are also known about the fate of Frederick’s wife Isabella and their children as detailed in the electoral roll for the division of Denison. In 1913 Frederick McMahon (Jnr) was living at 251 Argyle Street in North Hobart as a Carpenter. The house has since been removed and replaced with a Used Car Dealership. Alice Isabella McMahon was employed as a cook at Moore Street, New Town. Why Isabella should use the name Alice Isabella is unknown, perhaps she had a penchant for the name Alice. The entries correlate with the known events for Isabella McMahon and so it assumed Alice Isabella and Isabella are one and the same person.37
By the following year, 1914, and for the year after, both Frederick McMahon, a carpenter, and Alice Isabella McMahon, domestic duties, were living at 111 Warwick Street, North Hobart. This time they were accompanied by Alice Lillian McMahon whose profession was recorded as Dressmaker. Again, the address has subsequently been renovated and is now a commercial building.
In 1916 Frederick McMahon (Carpenter) had stayed at the Warwick Street address, but Alice Isabella McMahon (domestic duties) and Alice Lillian McMahon (dressmaker) had moved to 251 Elizabeth Street.38 The address is called Prospect House. Frederick McMahon (Carpenter) joined them there in 1917. The building sold in 2005 and was described in the following manner:
Designed by the renowned colonial architect, John Lee Archer, 'Prospect House' is one of Hobart's most significant 1800 classic sandstone landmarks. Located within the heart of Hobart, it offers a short stroll to gourmet restaurants, up-beat chic cafe's and an approximate 10 minute walk to Hobart's dockside. Offering over 30 squares of architect designed living with extensions that have been sympathetically incorporated into the elegance of the home, it is a stunning residential/commercial zoned property that offers many options whilst ensuring you purchase a piece of Hobart's history. The floorplan is exceptionally flexible with spacious formal rooms, 15" ceilings, secure off street parking for several cars and timber decking, all part of a 750m2 parcel of land with superbly developed gardens framed with wrought iron fencing.39
Prospect House, 251 Elizabeth Street, Hobart
Frederick Hunter McMahon married Ida Ethel Louisa Horlock on 25 May 1918 in Hobart, Tasmania.40 Ida Ethel Louisa Horlock was born on 24 March 1893 in Hobart to William John Horlock and Louisa Hannah Stevenson.41 Frederick and Ida’s first child, Cyril Frederick McMahon was born later that year on 4 September 1918 in Bellerive, Tasmania.42 According to later reports Frederick and Ida had a second child but the identity of that person remains unknown.
The next available Electoral roll in 1921 had the following relevant entries. Alice Isabella McMahon (Domestic Duties) and Alice Lillian McMahon (Dressmaker) were joined at 251 Elizabeth Street, North Hobart by Maud Kathleen McMahon (Home Duties). Frederick Hunter McMahon is now recorded as a Cabinet Maker living at 3 Allison Street, West Hobart. He is joined by a co-habitator - Ida Ethel Louise McMahon. Ida’s occupation was recorded as Home Duties.43
In 1922 Isabella McMahon’s sister Margaret Mackie died in May, the Mercury Death Notice reads:
MACKIE. On 13th May, 1922 at the residence of her sister (Mrs. McMahon) 251 Elizabeth Street, Margaret Mackie, aged 70 years
MACKIE. Funeral of the late Miss Margaret Mackie will arrive at Cornelian Bay Cemetery on Monday Morning (This Day), at 10 o'clock..44
In 1925 Alice Isabella McMahon (Domestic Duties), Alice Lillian McMahon (Dressmaker) and Maud Kathleen McMahon (Home Duties) are still in Elizabeth Street but Frederick Hunter McMahon (Cabinet Maker) and Ida Louisa McMahon (Home Duties) have moved to 34 Queen Street, Sandy Bay.45
In 1928 only Alice Isabella McMahon (Domestic Duties) and Maud Kathleen McMahon (Home Duties) are recorded in the roll, both at 251 Elizabeth Street, North Hobart. In 1931 they are recorded as having moved to 122 Elizabeth Street, Hobart, both recorded as performing Home Duties. The address is now a commercial property near the center of the city.46
Alice Lillian McMahon disappears from the 1928 roll (although only the Division of Denison was searched) but reappears in 1931 as Alice Lillian Whitney (Home Duties). Accompanying her is Herbert Norman Whitney who was a Billiard Marker. Both Alice and Herbert (known as Bert) shared the 122 Elizabeth Street address.47 We can assume that Alice Lillian McMahon, known as Lilly, married Herbert Norman Whitney, some time after 1925 and before 1931, probably before 1927 as they had one child, a girl in December 1926. Marie Lorraine, known as Pat or Patty, married Jack Henderson and they lived at 14 Pillinger Street, Dynnyrne.48
Frederick Hunter McMahon and his wife Ida relocated from Tasmania to Victoria, although exactly when that occurred is unknown. The family legend is that Frederick Hunter McMahon was married but that the woman nearly 'drove him mad'. Frederick left her and the State of Tasmania to escape her influence and was never heard of again.49
Later research however revealed that the story is not quite true. Frederick is on the 1931 Australian Electoral Roll as living in Wannon, Victoria.50 In November 1936 the following advertisement sought Frederick’s whereabouts:
Will Frederick Hunter McMahon, formerly of Horsham, labourer, or any person knowing his whereabouts, kindly communicate with Joseph Barnett, solicitor, Carlton.51
A further advertisement followed.
To FREDERICK HUNTER McMAHON, formerly of Horsham, Laborer. — Take notice that Ida Ethel Louisa McMahon has instituted DIVORCE proceedings against you, Frederick Hunter McMahon, on the ground of desertion. Unless you enter an appearance in the Prothonotary's office of the Supreme Court, Melbourne, on or before the 18th day of December, 1930, and file your answer on or before the 28th day of December, 1936, Judgment may be given against you, with costs.52
The following year a further newspaper notice provided more detail on the need to ascertain Frederick’s whereabouts:
Decrees Nisi Granted
The hearing of divorce petitions was continued by Mr Justice Martin In the Banco Court yesterday. He granted decrees nisi in the following suits, the name of the petitioner being given first in each Instance –
Ida Ethel Louisa McMahon, aged 41 years, of Rathdown street East Brunswick, from Frederick Hunter McMahon, aged 45 years, formerly of Horsham, labourer, but now of parts unknown, on the ground of desertion. The parties were married at Hobart on May 25 1918, there are two children.53
That same year Ida Ethel McMahon remarried to Stanley Reuben Short.54 Back in Tasmania, a year earlier Herbert Whitney (Alice McMahon’s husband) was convicted of owning a wireless set without a license in August 1936.
Herbert Norman Whitney was fined £2, with 6s 6d costs, for having a wireless set while not holding a licence.55
Herbert was also convicted of illegal bookmaking in May 1940:
On a charge of unregistered book- making at Hobart on May 4, Herbert Norman Whitney was fined £30 by the Police Magistrate (Col. J. P. Clark) in the Hobart. Police Court yesterday.
Detective-Inspector Fleming, who prosecuted, said that defendant had Indicated he would plead guilty. Defendant did not appear.
Sgt. J. Dunn said that on Saturday, May 4, about 7.10 p.m., he and Constable A. O'Neill entered the Central Billiard Saloon in Liverpool St., and from a desk in a room Constable O'Neill took a number of slips relating to betting. Defendant, when questioned, admitted the offence.
The Magistrate, after having examined the slips, said it appeared that defendant was making a business out of the betting.56
Frederick McMahon’s wife Isabella survived him for 38 years, as her grand-daughter remembers it – “one day she went to bed and never got out of it”. It was later retold that Isabella had fallen and fractured her hip, not replaceable in that day and age. She died on 17 July 1940 and was buried the next day in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery. The first death notice is from the Mercury:
McMAHON,-On July 17, 1940. at 35 Quayle Street, Sandy Bay, Isabella, widow of the late F. W. McMahon, late British Imperial Army, and daughter of the late James and Jean Mackie, of Scotland. Funeral private.57
The second death notice is from the Examiner:
McMAHON - On July 17, 1940, at 35 Quayle Street, Sandy Bay, Hobart, Isabella White, widow of the late F. W. McMahon, of lislewin, Ireland, and youngest daughter of the late James and Jean Mackie, of Alloa, Scotland, and beloved mother of Mrs. J. Nicholls, Evandale.58
This is the only record that identifies Isabella as “Isabella White” McMahon which was the supporting reference to link Isabella’s father James with his parents in Clackmannan. Regarding the fate of Frederick and Isabella’s remaining children, in the order of their birth.
Eileen Marjorie Jean McMahon’s husband John Henry Nicholls died on 2 February 1961 in Devonport.59 Eileen Nicholls (nee McMahon) died on June 1970 and was buried on 30 June 1970 in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery. No headstone marks the spot.60
Nothing further is known of Frederick Hunter McMahon. As previously noted, his wife sought a divorce and subsequently remarried. Her second husband, Stanley Reuben Short died in 1974 in Toot (abbreviation of the place) with his father recorded as Reuben Short.61 Ida Ethel Short (formerly McMahon, nee Horlock) died in Hawthorn in 1979 with her father recorded as Harry Horlock.62
Herbert Norman Whitney, the husband of Alice McMahon, died in May 1968 and was cremated on 7 May 1968 in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery in Hobart.63 Herbert’s wife, Alice Lillian Whitney (nee McMahon) died in August 1980 and was buried on 14 August 1980 in the Cornelian Bay Cemetery in Hobart.64
Maud Kathleen McMahon, always known as Lena, remained single and died on 6 August 1984. Lena was buried on 9 August 1984 in Kingston.65
- 1. Oral History: Submitter: Cameron, Constance (nee Nicholls) [In a lecture delivered to the Probus Club, 22 Kenmore Village, Queensland, 27 May 1997]
- 2. Kerr, Iain: Quoted from http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/SUSSEX-PLUS/1998-04/0891577980 [email@example.com]
- 3. Dorothy: Quoted from http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/SUSSEX-PLUS/1998-04/0891597352 [firstname.lastname@example.org]
- 4. The Royal Dragoon Guard, "History of the Royal Dragoon Guard," http://www.rdg.co.uk/history.htm, 30 Jan 2001.
- 5. "England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/JMVZ-LF2 : accessed 14 Dec 2012), Frederick William Mc Mahon, 19 Aug 1838; citing SAINT DUNSTAN,STEPNEY,LONDON,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 596913, 596914, 596915, 596916.
- 6. "England, Marriages, 1538–1973 ," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/V529-87H : accessed 14 Dec 2012), Henry Matthew Mc Mahon and Maria Taylor, ; citing Christ Church Greyfriars Newgate,London,London,England, reference ; FHL microfilm 417980, 417981, 417982, 417983, 417985, 417986, 417987, 417988, 417989, 417990, 942 B4HA V. 21.
- 7. "England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NPC1-Y7Z : accessed 14 Dec 2012), Henry Albert Mc Mahon, 29 May 1836; citing SAINT DUNSTAN,STEPNEY,LONDON,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 596913, 596914, 596915, 596916. And "England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NPZM-HC3 : accessed 14 Dec 2012), Rosa Amelia Mc Mahon, 30 Jul 1840; citing SAINT DUNSTAN,STEPNEY,LONDON,ENGLAND, reference ; FHL microfilm 596913, 596914, 596915, 596916.
- 8. "THE GAZETTE." The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 15 June 1886: 4. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9123451.
- 9. Marine Board Records, Archives Office of Tasmania; Hobart, Tasmania [MB 2/39/39 covering the period 10/07/1884-07/06/1886 and MB 2/39/40 covering the period 10/06/1886-31/05/1888]
- 10. TAHO Register of the Appointment, Transfer, Registration and Dismissal of Members of the Police Establishment POL324/1/3
- 11. "H0NOUR TO WHOM HONOUR IS DUF." The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 8 October 1886: 3. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9127272.
- 12. "FIRE AT THE HON. A. 'McGREGOR'S RESIDENCE:" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 1 October 1886: 2. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9127060.
- 13. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 20
- 14. Wyatt, Major, D. M.: A Lion in the Colony – An Historical Outline of the Tasmanian Colonial Volunteer Military Forces, 1859-1901; 6th Military District Museum; Hobart, Tasmania; 1990 [p. 34]
- 15. Dollery, E. M.: The Military History of Tasmania – An Outline of the Period 1803-1903; Royal Society of Tasmania; Launceston, Tasmania; 1960 [p. 9]
- 16. TAHO Marriage Registration RGD 1887/389
- 17. TAHO Death Registration RGD 1886/317 (The last known address is recorded in the Southern Regional Cemetery’s Burial Registration Database, Record ID: 6049)
- 18. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 39
- 19. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 48
- 20. Dollery, E. M.: The Military History of Tasmania – An Outline of the Period 1803-1903; Royal Society of Tasmania; Launceston, Tasmania; 1960 [p. 7]
- 21. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 72
- 22. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 81
- 23. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. 94
- 24. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1889/941
- 25. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. XX
- 26. TAHO Regimental Order Book, Tasmanian Permanent Artillery COM 1/8, p. XX
- 27. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1891/1383
- 28. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1892/1199
- 29. TAHO Death Registration RGD 1892/320
- 30. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1893/1183
- 31. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1898/1042
- 32. Diseases and Medical Terms for Genealogists: http://www.sedgleymanor.com/diseases/diseases_k-o.html
- 33. "Family Notices" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 19 December 1902: 1. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article9592477.
- 34. SRCT Cemetery location: SCOT, Section E. No. 84
- 35. TAS BDM Death Registration 1902/1282
- 36. The Mercury Friday 18 December 1903
- 37. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 38. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 39. Prospect House was sold in late 2005 as described at http://www.realestate.com.au
- 40. TFI Marriage Registration RGD 1918/493
- 41. TAHO Birth Registration RGD 1893/471
- 42. TFI Birth Registration RGD 1918/1469
- 43. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 44. "Family Notices" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 15 May 1922: 1. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23551552. and Southern Regional Cemetery Trust: Cornelian Bay Cemetery; SCOT, Section E, Number 47
- 45. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 46. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 47. TAHO Electoral Roll
- 48. Oral History: Lurline (Patsy) Horton (nee Nicholls)
- 49. Oral History: Submitter: Lurline (Patsy) Horton, (nee Nicholls).
- 50. Ancestry Australian Electoral Rolls
- 51. "Advertising" The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) 12 November 1936: 1. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11935718.
- 52. "Advertising" The Age (Melbourne, Vic. : 1854 - 1954) 30 November 1936: 4. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article205946486.
- 53. The Argus Friday 26 February 1937
- 54. VIC BDM Marriage Registration 1937/8136
- 55. "POLICE COURT NEWS" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 29 August 1936: 15. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article25220657.
- 56. "BOOKMAKING CHARGE" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 16 May 1940: 12. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article25803098.
- 57. "Family Notices" The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954) 18 July 1940: 8. Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article25814374.
- 58. "Family Notices" Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900 - 1954) 20 July 1940: 2 (LAST EDITION, 5.30 a.m.). Web. 19 Nov 2016; http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52373180.
- 59. Oral History: Lurline (Patsy) Horton (nee Nicholls)
- 60. Southern Regional Cemetery Trust [Roman Catholic, Section NDB, Number 371.]
- 61. VIC BDM Death Registration 1974/8136
- 62. VIC BDM Death Registration 1979/19288
- 63. Southern Regional Cemetery Trust: Cornelian Bay Cemetery.
- 64. Southern Regional Cemetery Trust: Cornelian Bay Cemetery; NICHE WALL, Section 32, Number 15, ROW D
- 65. Southern Regional Cemetery Trust: Cornelian Bay Cemetery; No Denomination, Section D, Beam 0, Row T, Number 16