Richard Rayner and Sarah Hurst

Richard Rayner was born 1799 in Little Marlow, Buckinghamshire. He stole a sheep and was convicted at the Buckingham assizes on 13 July 1818 and sentenced to Death.1 The sentence was commuted to transportation for life.2

Richard Rayner was transported to Australia on the convict ship Surrey 1 on its third voyage to the colony, leaving England on 29 August 1818 and arriving in New South Wales on 4 March 1819. After leaving 7 convicts there the ship proceeded to Hobart in Van Diemen's Land where the remaining 150 convicts were landed.3

Richard's convict conduct record is remarkably devoid of entries, stating simply that he received a conditional pardon (no. 378) on 21 August 1832, and a free pardon (no. 719) on 18 May 1841.4 During this time he married Sarah Hurst on 25 June 1833 in the Green Ponds district.5 Sarah was born on 2 November 1817 and christened on 5 April 1818 in Wootton, Bedfordshire, England, the daughter of William Hurst and Mary Keep.6

Marriage Registration of Richard Rayner and Sarah Hurst
Marriage Registration of Richard Rayner and Sarah Hurst
Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office

They had the following children:

Name Birth Marriage Spouse Death
Richard Rayner 02 Apr 18357
TAS
Marriage
Not Located
Ellen Bailey 06 Apr 19208
Launceston, TAS

03 Jan 18829
Port Sorell, TAS

Mary Ann Neasey
Sarah Rayner 04 Mar 183710
TAS
27 Sep 186011
Hobart, TAS
Thomas Challender 05 Sep 190812
Karoola, TAS
Edward Rayner 03 Apr 183913
Hobart, TAS
14 Feb 186214
Launceston, TAS
Jane Holmes 07 Jun 192015
Austins Ferry, TAS
Elizabeth Ann Rayner 07 Mar 184316
Hobart, TAS
20 Nov 186217
Hobart, TAS
Richard David Russell 23 Apr 193118
Launceston, TAS
Mary Anne Rayner 05 May 184519
Hobart, TAS
03 Apr 187320
Hobart, TAS
Andrew Robert Finlayson 26 Sep 193021
Hobart, TAS
Maria Rayner 13 Oct 184722
Hobart, TAS
22 Apr 186923
Hobart, TAS
George Rowett Russell 16 Nov 193824
New Town, TAS
Charles Rayner 05 Jan 185025
Hobart, TAS
06 Feb 187326
Hobart, TAS
Elizabeth Jarvis 06 Apr 192727
New Town, TAS
28 Jan 188828
Hobart, TAS
Florence Amelia Glowrie
Ambrose William Rayner 30 Jul 185229
Hobart, TAS
00 XXX 187630
Victoria
Mary Anne Newcombe 03 Jul 194031
Geelong, VIC
George Henry Rayner 07 Feb 185532
Hobart, TAS
Died in Infancy 17 Jul 185633
Hobart, TAS
Elijah Wallace Rayner 25 Sep 185734
TAS
17 Dec 188135
Hobart, TAS
Mary Ann Parsons 02 Mar 188736
Hobart, TAS

Richard Rayner died on 8 August 1870 at Bridgewater in the New Norfolk district, Tasmania. The cause of death was recorded as "disease of the heart".37

SUDDEN DEATH. A very sudden death occurred at Bridgewater on Monday forenoon. Mr Richard Rayner, aged 71 years, and a settler in that neighbourhood for nearly 40 years, rose on Monday morning in his usual health, and that (for an aged man) was excellent and proceeded abont half-past ten o'clock to his usnal avocations on his farm. One of his sons was in his company. After labouring some little time he complained of great pains in his chest and weakness. He recovered in a few minutes sufficiently to get home with the assistance of his son, and was sitting down in an arm chair taking a drink of tea, when he suddenly expired without a word or struggle. It is supposed that heart disease was the cause of death, but the inquest to be held today will decide the cause. The deceased was much respected.

An inquest was held on 10 August 1870 where it was concluded that Richard suffered from "ossification and enlargement of the heart".38 Richard was buried in the Bridgewater cemetery.39

Richard's wife Sarah Rayner, nee Hurst, died on 31 May 1907 in Hobart, Tasmania.40

RAYNER. Passed peacefully away, at her daughter's residence, 128, Macquarie-street, on Friday, May 31, 1907, Sarah, relict of the late Richard Rayner, of Bridgewater, in the 90th year of her age.

Sarah was buried on 2 June 1907 in the Cornelian Bay, Tasmania.41

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