Susannah Rayner and Thomas Poole

Susannah Rayner was born on 16 February 1825 in Hobart, the sixth child of William Rayner and Susannah Chapman.1 In 1827 Sophia’s name was recorded on a census of children in the Hobart area, perhaps to determine the future education needs of the area. The register included Elizabeth Rayner (17), Sarah Rayner (13), Isabella Rayner (10), Sophia Rayner (6) and Susan Rayner (4).2 Susannah's stated age is double her actual age so if accurate it suggests they inflated it for some reason.

On 12 November 1846 Susannah married Thomas Poole at St. David's Cathedral in Hobart Town. Susannah was recorded as Susannah Rayne. The witnesses were William Sherwin and James Sly or Bly. William Bedford performed the ceremony.3 According to Louis Daniels:

Thomas was most probably the eldest son of Thomas Poole, a convict tried at Gloucester Spring Assizes on 25 March 1801 for burglary of the house of William Roberts, and stealing and carrying away by force of arms one cloth great coat, one man's hat, one pair of shoes, part of a linen shirt, two pairs of worsted stockings, and one linen sheet. Thomas was 26, and a native of Ashleworth, Gloucester, son of Robert Poole. He was sentenced to death, then reprieved and transported for life. He came on the Calcutta with Collins.4

According to Marjorie Tipping's entry for Thomas Poole in Convicts Unbound:

Poole attended the Hobart musters in 1811, 1818 and 1819. He received a conditional pardon in April 1815. A register of these pardons in 1825 describes him as 5'5", dark complexion, dark hair and dark eyes. Poole received a 30-acre land grant at Herdman's Cove from Gov. Davey on which he was growing wheat, barley and vegetables by 1819 and grazing two female cattle, 150 male sheep and 350 ewes. He supplied meat to the Commissariat.

A memorial of 1820 must have given him a good grant of land at Green Ponds where farmed successfully for many years.

On 20 September 1820, in Hobart, he married Mary Molony, aged 25, a convict transported in the Broxenbury. They had four children.5

The Broxenbury transported convicts to New South Wales, arriving in Sydney on 28 July 1814. Mary Maloney is recorded as being subsequently transported from Sydney to Hobart on the Emu on 27 January 1816.6

According to later documentation Thomas would have been born about 1820, the same year his parent's married. There are also records on Ancestry Public Family Tree sites that report a birth date of 21 January 1821 in Hobart, Tasmania, but this has not been substantiated elsewhere.7

Marjorie Tipping also records Thomas senior's burial as occurring on 6 August 1839 in the Green Ponds district of Van Diemen’s Land but adds a query sign (?) suggesting the event isn't proven. That event can’t be found in the historical records, but there is a Thomas Poole recorded as being buried in the Green Ponds district in August 1840 at the age of 77 that might be the right individual, although the age doesn’t match Thomas’ known details.8

After Thomas Jnr’s marriage to Susannah in 1846, their first child Sarah Poole was born on 11 October 1847 in Hobart. Initially an un-named female, the registration includes the note: Baptised in St. David’s, Hobart, Sarah. Thomas was recorded as a butcher in Liverpool street.9

Another daughter, Elizabeth Poole was born on 23 June 1849 in Hobart. Again, the entry was initially as an un-named female but the registration includes the note: Baptised in St. David’s, Hobart, Elizabeth. Susannah Rainer (sic), the child’s mother, registered the event.10

Thomas Poole was a butcher in Liverpool Street, Hobart Town. In August 1850 he advertised a lost bullock:

LOST, from a Paddock near the Toll-bar, Sandy Bay, on Saturday, 24th instant, ONE RED BULLOCK, white belly, brand ITH right side of rump, and H M right side. One black bullock, snail horn, white belly, MH right side rump. Whoever will give such information as will lead to the recovery of the same, shall receive 10s. Reward, on application to Mr. Thomas Poole, Butcher, Liverpool-street, Hobart Town. August 27, 1850.11

An un-named male was born to Susannah and Thomas Poole on 14 October 1851 in Hobart.12 This individual has been identified as William Poole.13

John Thomas Poole was born on 13 October 1852 in Hobart.14

Susannah Poole was born on 7 February 1854 in Hobart.15

In January 1855 Thomas Poole was charged with stealing a cow, a serious offence at the time:

Thomas Poole, charged with stealing on the 28th October last, one cow, value £8., the property of George White.—Verdict not guilty. Mr Brewer appeared for the prisoner.16

William Poole, Susannah and Thomas' sixth child, was born on 27 November 1855 in Hobart. He was recorded as an Un-named Male (M.) at birth.17 Thomas continued to be the subject of news reports when he was found guilty of using an unequal balance for weighing his goods:

Unequal Balance.-Thomas Poole, a butcher in Liverpool-street, was fined on Saturday, at the police court, one pound and costs, for having an unequal balance in his possession. The inspector said the balance was two ounces against the purchasers, and in defendant's favour he added, however, that he was a poor man with a large lamily.!" The bench gave him till Monday to pay. The balance condemned.18

At some stage between 1856 and 1858 Thomas, Susannah and family emigrated to Victoria. A daughter, Kathleen Anne Poole, was born about 1858 in Port Albert, Victoria.19 Grace Poole, under the surname Pool, was born on 15 February 1859 in Port Albert, Victoria.20 Sophia Poole was born on 24 June 1861 in Port Albert, Victoria. Sophia died the same day.21 Annie Maria Poole was born on 14 June 1862 in Portland, Victoria.22 Emily Ellen Poole was born in 1865 in Portland, Victoria.23

Sarah Poole married Benjamin Rose on 18 March 1865 in Sale, Victoria24:

MARRIED.—At Sale, on the 18th March, at the residence of Mr. Vize, by special license, by the Ven. Archdeacon Stretch, Benjamen Rose, fourth son of Thomas Rose, Esq., Northbrook, Warwickshire, England, to Sarah Poole, eldest daughter of Thomas Poole, Port Albert, Gippsland.25

Grace Poole died on 18 August 1866.26 It has been reported that Thomas and Susannah's twelfth child was Elizabeth Ada Poole but it seems unlikely they would name two daughters Elizabeth.

Elizabeth Poole, their second eldest, married Charles Frederick Beyers in 1870 in Victoria.27 An Elizabeth Ada Poole was in fact the daughter of Susannah Poole and was born in 1873 in Sale, Victoria.28 Presumably Susannah is the daughter of Thomas and Susannah, and the child Elizabeth was born out of wedlock.

John Thomas Poole married Charlotte Jane Green in 1875.29 Unfortunately, Charlotte Poole (nee Green) died just three years later in 1878. At that time it was noted that she had been born in Tasmania and her parents were named as Joseph Green and Jane Goodwin.30

Kathleen Anne Poole married Christopher Johnson in 1882.31

.—By the Rev. J. Standrin, September 6th, at the residence of the bride's father, Christopher Johnson, to Kathleen Hannah, youngest daughter of Thomas Poole, of Sale.32

Annie Maria Poole married Herman Paul Briese in 1888 in Victoria.33

Susannah Poole (nee Rayner), as Susan Poole, died on 5 June 1892 in Sale, Victoria. Susannah was noted as the daughter of William and Susan Rayner, with a recorded age of 66.34

Thomas Poole died on 21 January 1900 in the Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria at the recorded age of 80. The cause of death was broncho-pneumonia and heart failure. Thomas was described as a butcher, and his parents as unknown. Whoever registered the event obviously thought Thomas was born in England but they did record that he had been a resident of Tasmania, and that his wife's name was Susan Rayner. The known children were recorded as Sarah (53), Elizabeth (51), John (49), William (dec), Susannah (40), Annie (30), Kathleen (28) and Grace (dec). Thomas was buried in the Footscray cemetery on 23 January 1900.35 Thomas has also been recorded as dying on 16 July 1866 at Brighton, Tasmania.36

John Thomas Poole died on 4 May 1912 in East Melbourne, Victoria.37

Sarah Rose (nee Poole) died at the reported age of 66 in 1913 in Korumburra, Victoria.38

Elizabeth Ada Beyers, or Byers (nee Poole) died on 30 July 1918 at the reported age of 69 in Footscray, Victoria. Elizabeth's parents were recorded as Jno Thomas Poole and Elizabeth Chapman.39 Elizabeth's grandmother was Susannah Chapman.

In April 1921 Annie Briese (nee Poole) was involved in a case of burglary:

INTRUDER AT PARTY. Man Found in Front Room. While Mrs A. Briese was entertaining guests at her home in Donald street, Prahran, last night, a young boy, a visitor to the house, who was in bed on the front verandah, saw a man steal up to the front door and strike several matches. He heard the door open, and later saw matches being struck in one of the front rooms. Getting out of bed, he ran to the door, locked it, and gave the alarm. Constable Curtis, of Bourke street west, who was in plain clothes, on leave, was at a neighbour's house. He was called to the place, and on opening the door arrested a man who was hiding in the room. In his pockets was found jewellery worth £20. At the Prahran watchhouse last night, Wallace Maxwell, aged 40 years, a clerk, was locked up charged with housebreaking and stealing. He will appear at the Prahan Court today.40

Susannah Poole died in 1929 in Korumburra, Victoria.41 Annie Maria Briese died on 4 July 1939 at the reported age of 77 in North Brighton, Victoria.42

BRIESE. - On the 4th July, at Brighton, Annie Marie, the beloved wife of Herman Paul. A loving wife and mother.

BRIESE. - On the 4th July at Brighton, Annie Marie, beloved wife of Herman Paul, of 127 Male street Brighton, beloved mother of Herman, Isa (Mrs A Beckcfeld) and Norman, loved grandma of Rae (Mrs R Stewart), Harry and Keith - A patient sufferer at rest.

BRIESE. - On the 4th July at Brighton, the beloved mother of Herman - At rest.

BRIESE. - On the 4th July at private hospital Brighton, dearly beloved mother of Ida and mother In law of Alfred Beckefeid - devoted mother.

BRIESE. - On the 4th July at Brighton beloved mother of Norman and mother in law of Marie - Ever remembered.

BRIESE. - In loving memory of our dear nana.(Harry and Keith Beckefeld.)43

  • 1. Minutes of Hobart Town Monthly Meeting of Friends: University Special Collections; University of Tasmania; Sandy Bay, Tasmania S.1. A.1. 1833-1857
  • 2. A List of Males and Females having both parents living in the District of Hobart containing name, age & character as far as can be ascertained: Archives Office of Tasmania CSO 1/122a p. 92 & p. 96
  • 3. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1846/2259
  • 4. Daniels, Louis: The Rayner Family; Privately Published; 1999
  • 5. Tipping, Marjorie: Convicts Unbound p. 300
  • 6. TAHO Convict Conduct Record CON40/1/7 Page 12 and Convict Transportation Register CON13/1/1 Page 53
  • 7. Ancestry Public Family Trees: McAuley-Carroll Family Tree; https://www.ancestry.com.au/family-tree/person/tree/34180744/person/2000... and Janice McLay; https://www.ancestry.com.au/family-tree/person/tree/103597903/person/150...
  • 8. TAHO Burial Registration RGD 1840/636
  • 9. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1847/328
  • 10. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1849/1624
  • 11. Colonial Times Tuesday 27 August 1850
  • 12. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1851/854
  • 13. Descendants of Walter Fleming Butler; http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~butlervogelerayner/ght...
  • 14. Daniels, Lou: The Rayner Family; Privately Published, 1999
  • 15. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1854/654
  • 16. Colonial Times Wednesday 10 January 1855
  • 17. AOT Birth Registration RGD 1855/680
  • 18. Colonial Times Monday 31 December 1855
  • 19. VIC BDM Birth Registration Ref. No. 1858/XXXX
  • 20. VIC BDM Birth Registration Ref. No. 1859/5095
  • 21. The Rayners, The Allans, Daniels, Louis (Lou). Neither event can be found in the Victorian Births or Deaths Registration records
  • 22. VIC BDM Birth Registration Ref. No. 1862/16768
  • 23. VIC BDM Birth Registration Ref. No. 1865/10819
  • 24. VIC BDM Marriage Registration Ref. No. 1865/246
  • 25. Gippsland Times Wednesday 22 March 1865
  • 26. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1866/XXXX
  • 27. VIC BDM Marriage Registration Ref. No. 1870/883
  • 28. VIC BDM Birth Registration Ref. No. 1873/26588
  • 29. VIC BDM Marriage Registration Ref. No. 1875/1077
  • 30. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1878/9696
  • 31. VIC BDM Marriage Registration Ref. No. 1882/4354
  • 32. Gippsland Times Friday 8 September 1882
  • 33. VIC BDM Marriage Registration Ref. No. 1888/3776
  • 34. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1892/8151
  • 35. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1900/2595
  • 36. Rayner, Daryl James, The Rayner Family History, Privately Published, 29 September 1999.
  • 37. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1912/6576
  • 38. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1913/9995
  • 39. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1918/8888
  • 40. The Argus Monday 11 April 1921
  • 41. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1929/XXXX
  • 42. VIC BDM Death Registration Ref. No. 1939/6409
  • 43. The Argus Wednesday 5 July 1939
John Horton
John Horton's picture
Convicts Unbound Entry for Thomas Poole (Snr.)

POOLE, THOMAS [1774-1839] Baker, aged 26, bap. 28 August 1774 pa. Gloucester, of Ashleworth, Gloucestershire, son of Robert Poole. Tried at Gloucester Spring Assizes (Gloucester G.D.) 25 March 1801 for burglariously entering the dwelling house of William Roberts and stealing and carrying away with the use of force and arms one cloth great coat (15s0d), one man's hat (5s0d), one pair of leather shoes (5s0d), part of a linen shirt (6d), two pairs of worsted stockings (1s0d) and one linen sheet (1s0d). Sentenced to death. Reprieved by Justices Sir Soulden Laurence and Sir Giles Rooke and sentenced to transportation for life. Gaoled at the county gaol and transferred to the Prudentia hulk at Woolwich. Poole attended the Hobart musters in 1811, 1818 and 1819. He received a conditional pardon in April 1815. A register of these pardons in 1825 describes him as 5'5", dark complexion, dark hair and dark eyes. Poole received a 30-acre land grant at Herdman's Cove from Gov. Davey on which he was growing wheat, barley and vegetables by 1819 and grazing two female cattle, 150 male sheep and 350 ewes. He supplied meat to the Commissariat. A memorial of 1820 must have given him a good grant of land at Green Ponds where farmed successfully for many years. On 20 September 1820, in Hobart, he married Mary Molony, aged 25, a convict transported in the Broxenbury. They had four children. Buried 26 August 1839, Green Ponds, aged 64(?). His widow married John Dowdy, shoemaker, at Brighton, in March 1843. Surnames of descendants have included: Addison, Goble, Hart, Hughes.