Thomas Ballinger was convicted in Westminster of stealing on 23 October 1822 and sentenced to 7 years transportation. He was transported to Van Diemen’s Land aboard the Commodore Hayes. The ship departed England on 26 April 1823 and arrived in Hobart on 16 August 1823. 219 males convicts were embarked and 216 were landed.1
Thomas' description, drafted upon arrival, described him as aged 19, a native of Salop, or Shropshire, with blue eyes, brown hair, 5 feet and 4 1/4 inches in height, and with the markings, ASMS hearts and darts on left arm Woman on right.2
Thomas' convict conduct record follows:
Nov 28. 1825. Absent from his lodgings ??? at the Scotch Thistle at /2 past Sunday Night. Rep? ??? Dec 22, 1826 P.W. Not attend[in]g Muster this morning, to be ret[urned] to P.B. (Princ.l Sup.t) Oct 29, 1827. P.W. Out after hours and found at Rob[er]t Makepeace’s Public House at /2 9 o’clock Sunday night last. To be placed in the P.B. (T.A.L.) Jan 30, 1828. P.W. Onstruct[in]g Constable Scott in exec[ution] of his Duty – One Month Ch[ain] Gang (???) Sep 29, 1828. P.B. Intox[icated] in the Streets yest[erday]. Ass[ig]n[ed] T[read] Wheel.3
On 7 May 1830 Thomas applied for permission to marry Mary Ann Jones, a convict who had arrived in Hobart Town aboard the Borneo.4
Mary Ann Jones was convicted at the Lancaster Quarter Sessions on 23 October 1827 for larceny and sentenced to 7 years transportation. Her family was from Liverpool, Lancashire, which was stated as her native place, and consisted of two sisters and two brothers. Mary Ann had been convicted previously in April 1825 and October 1826, with her disposition recorded as indifferent, and her connexions unknown. She had lived at The Grapes, Salford, as a servant, and then for three years ‘on the town’. The conviction was for stealing Money and linen, and she had previously served 6 months for stealing money.5 The convict description reads as follows:
- Native Place: Liverpool (Lancashire)
- Trade: Housemaid; nursemaid; can wash and iron, public house
- Literacy: Can read and write
- Height: 5 ft 4 in
- Age: 20 (1828)
- Complexion: Fresh
- Head: Large
- Hair: Brown
- Visage: Long, Oval
- Forehead: Full, straight
- Eyebrows: Thin of hair. Wide apart
- Eyes: Dark grey. Feather in right eye
- Nose: Straight, thick
- Mouth: Medium. Full lips
- Chin: Full. Narrow pointed6
Mary Ann arrived in the colony aboard the Borneo which sailed from London on 11 May 1828 and arrived in Hobart on 8 October 1828.7
Mary Ann's experiences once she was in the colony are reproduced below as recorded in Phillip Tardif's Notorious strumpets and dangerous girls.
1829, MAY 19: Henry Chapman. Absenting herself from her Master's house yesterday without leave and not returning until this morning. Reprimanded.
1829, SEPTEMBER 29: Chapman. Allowing a man to come to her Master's house on Sunday morning last contrary to orders. Reprimanded.
1829, NOVEMBER 18: Chapman. Absent from her service on Monday last from 1 till 6 o'clock without leave and disobedience of orders yesterday. Cell on bread and water 6 days and Crime Class, House of Correction.
1830, MAY 7: Applied to marry Thomas Bellinger per Commodore Hayes. Approved...8
Mary Ann and Thomas Bellinger were married on 15 June 1830 in Hobart Town. John Wilmott and R. Hornhead were witnesses to the occasion which was performed by William Bedford.9
On 10 February 1832 a T. Bellinger wrote to Lieut. Governor as follows:
His Excellency the Lieut. Governor
Having been pleased to accede to my request of having a second ??? allotment in Hobart Town I beg leave to inform you that I wish to locate the piece of ground adjoining to a piece applied for by Mr. H. Graham at the upper end of Goulburn Street an early answer will much oblige,
Your Humble Servant,
The couple were recorded as husband and wife on the 1832 and 1833 musters, although there are no recorded children.11 There is also no reported death for Mary Ann.
- 1. Bateson, Charles: The Convict Ships 1787-1868; Brown, Son & Ferguson, Glasgow and Founders and Survivors: http://founders-and-survivors.org/pub/ands/collections/shipIndex/tei/358...
- 2. AOT Convict Description CON23/1/1 and Founders and Survivors: http://foundersandsurvivors.org/pubsearch/convict/chain/c31a31010991
- 3. AOT Convict Conduct Record CON31/1/1
- 4. AOT Convict Permission to Marry Records CON45/1
- 5. Tardif, Phillip, 1958: Notorious strumpets and dangerous girls - convict women in Van Diemen's Land, 1803-1829; Angus & Robertson; North Ryde, NSW, Australia; 1990.
- 6. AOT Convict Description CON19/1/12 p272
- 7. Bateson, Charles: The Convict Ships 1787-1868; Brown, Son & Ferguson, Glasgow
- 8. Tardif, Phillip, 1958: Notorious strumpets and dangerous girls - convict women in Van Diemen's Land, 1803-1829; Angus & Robertson; North Ryde, NSW, Australia; 1990 and AOT Convict Conduct Record CON40/1/5
- 9. AOT Marriage Registration RGD 1830/1417
- 10. AOT CSO Correspondence Unknown Reference, cited in Tardif, Philip
- 11. Tardif, Phillip, 1958: Notorious strumpets and dangerous girls - convict women in Van Diemen's Land, 1803-1829; Angus & Robertson; North Ryde, NSW, Australia; 1990.